When using and researching herbal remedies it is important to know the systems of the body and how they work to keep us alive.  Each system has its’s own purpose and each herb must be properly used to aid the body.

Systems of the body


Skeletal:
Bones and Joints

Muscular: Visceral, cardiac, skeletal

Cardiovascular: Heart, blood vessels, and blood

Digestive: Organs that convert food to energy

Endocrine: Glands and Hormones produced by

Nervous: Brain, Spinal cord, Sensory organs, and Nerves

Respiratory: Airway, Lungs, and the muscles of respiration

Immune/Lymphatic: The bodies defense system, capillaries, vessels, nodes and other organs that transport lymph (filters debris)

Urinary: Kidney, Ureters, Urinary bladder and Urethra

Reproductive: The male reproductive system consists of two major parts: the testes, where sperm are produced, and the penis, The external structures of the female reproductive system include the clitoris, labia minora, labia majora and Bartholin’s glands, according to the Cleveland Clinic. The major internal organs of the female reproductive system include the vagina and uterus

Integumentary: Skin, Hair, Nails, and Exocrine glands

Information on Ingredients

What is a Carrier Oil?

Carrier oils are pressed from the fatty portions (seeds, nuts, kernels) and do not evaporate or impart their aroma as strongly as essential oils. Carrier oils can go rancid over time, but essential oils do not. In natural skin care, carrier oils are typically referred to as vegetable oils, fixed oils or base oils. Not all fixed oils/base oils are vegetable oils.

If applied to the skin undiluted, essential oils, absolutes, CO2s and other concentrated aromatics can cause severe irritation or reactions in some individuals. Carrier oils are used to dilute essential and other oils prior to topical application. The term carrier oil is derived from their purpose in carrying the essential oil onto the skin.

Apricot Kernel Oil-(Prunus armeniaca) -Integumentary system

Aroma:Faint. Viscosity:Medium. Absorption/Feel:Oily Texture. Color:Virtually Clear With a Yellow Tinge Shelf Life:12 Months. The semi-oily texture of Apricot Kernel Oil makes it a good choice for use in massage and massage oil blends. Vitamin A, C, E , Moisturizing, Emollient, Nourishing, Prevents Wrinkles, Laxative Dry Skin, Sensitive Skin, Inflammation, Aged Skin, Oily Protein, Potassium Hair care Antioxidant Properties, Anti-Inflammatory. It somewhat resembles Sweet Almond Oil in its properties and consistency. Helps soothe and heal this rough, damaged skin. Apricot oil is also beneficial in relieving the itch and irritation of eczema-ridden skin. Apricot oil helps prevent and minimize the appearance of wrinkles. Moisturizing: The re-hydrating properties in apricot oil make it a natural moisturizer for any type of skin. This oil is light and does not leave a greasy coat on the skin, after use. Nourishing: The high Gamma Linoleic Acid (GLA) content present in apricot oil enables your skin to maintain its moisture balance. This acid also helps tone and firm up your skin. The Vitamin A and Vitamin E present in apricot oil slow down the signs of aging. It is light, gentle, mild and non-irritating, it can also be used for children and babies. The regular application of apricot kernel oil on the hair can help make your hair soft and shiny. It keeps hair roots and strands well nourished and moisturized. Massaging your scalp with some warm apricot oil stimulates the follicles and improves hair growth too.

Castor oil- (Ricinus Communis)-Integumentary system

Heavy. Shelf Life 5 years It can be used for all skin types, oily to dry and is a valuable ingredient in natural skin care formulations and anti-aging products. Castor oil is anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, improves blood flow to/from an area, softens scar tissue, and almost never goes rancid. It stands up well against Neosporin for minor wounds and aloe Vera gel for minor burns. Both of the uses listed below (IV and neural therapy scar prevention) are modified versions of Edgar Cayce’s castor oil pack, where a saturated pad of castor oil is held against the skin from 1 to 24 hours. Vitamin E Skincare, Cosmetics Lubricating, Healing, Protective Properties, Good for Nursing Mothers to Itching, Blackheads, Dandruff, Hemorrhoids, Heal damaged, inflamed skin and dry nipples Cosmetics, Scalp Care can also be used to treat sunburns, heat burns, cuts and abrasions. Castor oil can also be used as an effective liniment to treat sore muscles, headaches and swelling. Good for itching, contains Vit E, Castor oil repels ants, butterflies, bees, cockroaches, mosquitoes, termites and fireflies. mix 1 part castor oil to 10 parts solvent

Emu Oil-(Dromaius novaehollandiae)-Cardiovascular-Integumentary-Nervous-Digestive

Shelf life- 1-2 years. Medium absorption and viscosity. Emu oil is taken from the fat of this bird during processing. It is used to make medicine. Emu oil is taken by mouth for improving cholesterol levels, as a source of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fatty acids, for weight loss, and as a cough syrup for colds, H1N1 (swine) flu, and flu. Omega-3, 6, 7, 9 Fatty Acids. Natural and non-toxic. Does not clog pores, Hypo-allergenic (non-irritating), Gentle for all skin types, Softens and soothes the skin, Hydrates chapped skin, Blends well with other ingredients, Massages tired muscles and pain, Makes a perfect lubricant, Relieves itching due to dry skin, Lessens the irritation of psoriasis, Smooths wrinkles and has an anti-aging effect, Reduces the appearance of skin blotches, Tones the skin, Helps skin to maintain a delicate sheen and natural beauty, Protects skin against the abuse of the elements, Promotes skin elasticity, Gentle enough for baby skin, Makes the skin feel fresher and younger, Great for after bath, after sauna, after spa, Reduces the appearance of age spots, Conditions hair, Softens calluses, Removes dandruff flakes, Helps chapped lips, Soothes skin after waxing, Calms hot spots on pets, Great massage oil. It is composed of approximately 70% unsaturated fatty acids. The largest component is oleic acid, a monounsaturated omega-9 fatty acid. Emu oil also contains roughly 20% linoleic acid(an omega-6 fatty acid) and 1-2% linolenic acid(an omega-3 fatty acid). (Refrigeration recommended, as this is a delicate oil)

NOTE: Research has shown that emu oil is almost 100% Triglyceride which means that emu oil is nearly a complete neutral lipid. Since emu oil lacks phospholipids and the human skin is phospholipid deficient, the trans dermal properties are phenomenal. Thus, when emu oil is mixed with herbs known for their ability of acting on skin or muscle-joint problems, the results can be extraordinary. Origin: Australia. Extraction Method: Fat rendered. Color: Thick and white. Derived From: Emu fat. Contains: Emu Oil (Our Pure Emu Oil contains 0.02% of healthy vitamin E oil to preserve freshness. The Emu Oil is still 100% pure.)

Jojoba Oil- (Simmondsia chinensis)-Integumentary system

Aroma:Light to Medium. Distinct But Pleasant. Viscosity:Medium. Absorption/Feel:Absorbs well. Color:Golden Yellow. Shelf Life:Indefinite/Highly Stable. Vitamin B, E, Copper, Skincare, Hair care, Quickly Absorbs, Nourishing, Protective Properties, Similar to Collagen Oily Skin, Inflammation, Acne, Dermatitis, Eczema x Liquid wax Chromium, Silicon, Zinc. Cosmetics Can Clog Pores, yet allows skin to breath, Dissolves excess sebum . It’s used topically to calm eczema and psoriasis symptoms, Cradle Cap, Stretch Marks, Can extend shelf life of other oils, Antioxidant Properties. Jojoba Oil is actually a wax. It is highly stable with a long shelf life. Jojoba is said to act as a natural anti-inflammatory and is a good choice for use in massage and for inflamed skin. It is said that its composition is similar to that of the skin’s natural sebum (oil). Jojoba Oil is a good choice for use with those that have oily or acne prone skin. One big bonus is that it contains almost all of the vitamins and minerals essential for healthy skin and hair: vitamin E, B-complex, copper, zinc, selenium, iodine, and chromium. And it’s even gentle enough to be used on sensitive skin without causing allergic reactions. Replenish moisture and improve the texture of your hair with jojoba. The oil is great for dry scalps and will get rid of dandruff. Use it to add shine and naturally soften your hair, or in place of an anti-frizz product to manage unruly hair. Unsightly skin issues including scabs, scars, may be reduced by massaging the vitamin-E rich oil into the problem areas. Plus, it may speed the healing process of wounds. Get clearer skin thanks to jojoba’s anti-microbial properties. Jojoba contains iodine, which may fight harmful bacteria growth that causes pimples, blackheads, and breakouts. Jojoba can make your feet beautiful again. Athlete’s foot infections, warts, and toenail fungus don’t stand a chance against this oil’s natural anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory properties. Anti-aging serum, Sunburn relief lotion, The oil has long been used in ancient medicine to treat sunburn, heat rash, and other minor skin irritations. It may make you more comfortable and will reduce flaking and peeling of the skin. Hair regrowth serum: Jojoba oil may unclog hair follicles, which can in turn reduce hair loss and promote more hair growth. The oil’s antioxidant qualities may also help protect your scalp and hair from breakage, split ends, and future damage.

Sunflower Oil- (Helianthus annuus)-Integumentary-Cardiovascular

Aroma: Faint and Sweet. Viscosity: Thin. Absorption/Feel: Penetrates Well and Does not Lave an Oily Residue. Color: Virtually Clear With a Yellow Tinge. Shelf Life:12 Months. Sunflower Oil is considered to be an affordable all-purpose carrier oil. When choosing sunflower oil, strive to get unrefined oil. Vitamin A, B, D, E Food, Skincare, Hair care Moisturizing, Quickly Absorbs, Regenerative, Great for Massage All Skin Types, Dry Skin, Skin Diseases, Aged Skin Minerals Cosmetics Can Help Break Down Fat Cells, Can Reduce Bad Cholesterol Sensitive Skin, Bruises, Cradle Cap, Diaper Rash, include its ability to improve heart health, boost energy, strengthen the immune system, improve your skin health, prevent cancer, lower cholesterol, protect against asthma, and reduce inflammation. Sunflower oil is rich in vitamin E, which acts as an antioxidant in the body, reduction in scars, quicker wound healing, and a healthier natural glow to your skin. Protects the skin by strengthening the membrane barriers, thereby making it harder for bacteria and viruses to enter the body. In infants, sunflower oil is highly recommended because it can protect the babies from infections, particularly when they are born premature and are highly susceptible to infections. Some people apply sunflower oil directly to the skin or poorly healing wounds, skin injuries, psoriasis, and arthritis; and as a massage oil.

Tamanu Oil-(Calophyllum Inophyllum)-Integumentary-Nervous(systems)

Heavy- -Shelf life: up to 2 years. Fast absorption. Relieves and protects the skin against inflammation, skin redness, sunburn and insect bites. Has a regenerating effect on the skin (especially the epidermis cells) and so it effective for healing wounds, burns, cuts etc. Vitamin E Skincare, Hair care Emollient, Regenerative, Healing, Pain Relieving, Antioxidant Properties Aged Skin, Damaged Skin, Acne, Psoriasis, Arthritis, Anti-bacterial, Anti-Inflammatory, Anti- Microbial, Anti-neuralgic. Lesions, Burns, Bruises, Chemical Burns, Cuts, Foot care. Oil Can Separate (this is normal) Rashes, Sores, Stretch Marks. The oil has also been topically applied to the neck area to treat sore throat. The oil is valued for its analgesic and pain-relieving properties and has been used to treat neuralgia, rheumatism, and sciatica. The oil is used in Chinese traditional medicine to treat rheumatism, skin infections, wounds, leprous nephritis, pain, eye diseases, and inflammation. Tamanu Oil is a natural nut oil that is extracted from the nut kernels of the Tamanu Tree after the nut kernels have been collected and left to cure naturally over a 6-8 week period. an evergreen tree and a member of the Mangosteen Family. This tree is indigenous to tropical countries, especially the Melanesian Islands of Vanuatu. The real healing power of this traditional topical oil is its unique ability to promote the formation of new tissue, thereby accelerating wound healing and the growth of healthy skin (anti-aging). The scientific term for this process is “cicatrization”.

In addition, Tamanu Oil contains Sc Glucan which provides natural UV protection in that it prevents 85% of the DNA damage and oxidative stress induced by UV radiation at 1% concentration as a new biological UV filter with a SPF 18-22. (Eur J Pharm. Sci 2007 Mar;30(3-4):203-10. Epub 2006 Nov 9).

Neem Oil: (Azodirachta Indica)-Integumentary-

Heavy, solid at room temperature

Properties/uses: The neem tree originated in India and loves growing in a tropical to subtropical climate. It needs and positively thrives in hot weather, but it can handle the occasional cold spell. Heavy, Vit E, good for sensitive skin, skin diseases, psoriasis, allergies, sunburn, Anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-septic, anti-viral. It is a natural oil, pressed from the seeds of the neem tree. A natural insect repellent, A safe pesticide, fertilizer, A skin care ingredient

Storage: Keep out of light, in a dark glass bottle. Users can expect a shelf life of 2 years with proper storage conditions (cool, out of direct sunlight). Refrigeration after opening is recommended. Use with a gentler carrier oil as this can cause skin irritation is used without dilution.

Olive Oil-(Olea Euopae)-Integumentary-Digestive-Cardiovascular-Nervous

Shelf life- up to 2 years, Medium absorption, Heavy viscosity

Vitamin E, K, Protein Food, Skincare, Penetrating, Soothing, Promotes Healthy Digestion and can help prevent Inflammation, Acne, Bruises, High Cholesterol, a Minerals Hair care, Cosmetics Ulcers, Antioxidant Properties Hearth Health, Sprains . Lowers the risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood pressure in young women with mild hypertension. Antibacterial Action

Witch hazel(Hamamelis virginiana) -Integumentary-

Properties/uses: When distilled and combined with alcohol, the aromatic oil extracted from the bark of the witch hazel shrub makes a soothing and mildly astringent lotion. Witch hazel may be the most familiar of all home herbal medicines being mild and gentle in action. It is a general and all purpose first aid remedy for abrasions, burns, scalds, insect bites and other inflammatory conditions of the skin. Witch hazel also forms the base of varicose vein treatments. Witch hazel leaves, twigs, and bark are used for their astringent, soothing, and hemostatic (the control of minor bleeding) properties. First, it helps reduce inflammation and tone injured tissue, speeding up the healing process. A simple washing can reduce or control a mild poison ivy reaction, and can also offer some relief for the pain and inflammation of sunburns. Witch hazel can be used additionally as a poultice over the closed lids to relieve tired, irritated eyes, and to reduce various symptoms which are brought on by eyestrain. A quick wash of witch hazel has also been used for centuries as an external application for cosmetic purposes. Its astringency is wonderful for toning the skin. It will fight pimples and blackheads by cleansing and closing pores. It also acts as an antiseptic, helping to prevent infection of skin eruptions. Witch hazel is an old-time external application for varicose vein flare-ups, and as a salve, it can reduce the symptoms of hemorrhoids. In this case, its hemostatic action helps lessen bleeding and its astringency works to tighten tissues. Witch hazel is obtained from the hazel shrub. Its extract contains tannins, catechins, gallic acid, flavonoids, essential oils such as carvacrol, hexenol and eugenol, saponins and choline which helps to treat the sweating problem effectively.

Harvesting:The leaves and small branches of witch hazel are gathered during the growing season, from spring through early fall. Pluck individual leaves from the tree or cut small, leaf-bearing branches.

Drying/extracting: Then spread individual leaves to dry on screens, paper bags, or baskets, and store when leaves are crumbly. Bundle the twigs at the stem base, and hang upside down to dry. For external use, make a strong tea of dried plant parts, and pat on injured skin several times a day. Or pour the strong tea over a cloth, and apply directly to the injured or affected skin. Storage: store in a tinted glass or plastic jar way from direct light

Butters

Kokum Butter: hard butter Shelf Life 2 years The melting point is 38-40 C.

(INCI: Garcinia indica)is obtained from the fruit kernel of Garcinia indica, which grows in the savanna areas in parts of the Indian subcontinent. It is the most stable and hardest exotic butter. It has good whitecolor even without refining. Kokum butter has been used as an astringent, local application to ulceration and fissures of lips, hands, and soles. Suitable for applications in skin and hair products,
acne products, and skin tonics.

Mango Butter– Med/Hard Butter 1 year shelf life The melting point is 38-40 C.

has emollient properties, high oxidative ability, wound healing, and regenerative activity. rich in antioxidants and emollients as well as Vitamins A and E, and it can be used to soften and moisturize rough dry skin.relief from the dryness of eczema and psoriasis. Mango Butter is said to be helpful in regenerative activity and to restore flexibility and reduce degeneration of skin cells.

  • has skin softening, soothing & moisturizing properties. Off-white in color and very similar to cocoa butter. helps to combat dry skin, eczema and dermatitis. helpful in protecting the skin from the weather and UV radiation. said to be effective at reducing fine lines and wrinkles.

  • reported to benefit frost bite, sunburn, insect bites, rashes and stretch marks.

  • contains anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-ageing properties.

  • is non-greasy and absorbs easily into the skin.

Avocado Butter-(INCI:Persea Gratissima Seed) soft/medium butter 1 year shelf life Melting Point/Freezing Point: Liquid above 40°C

An exotic butter from the tropical regions of the world. It is obtained from the oil, of the fruit, of the avocado tree. It is produced through a unique process which produces a soft butter with a mild scent. It is known to help moisturize and soften rough, dry, and cracked skin. Works excellent in soaps, lip balms, lotion bars, creams, lotions, and body butters. to help moisturize and soften rough, dry, and cracked skin. They contain over 25 vital nutrients including vitamins (A, B, C, E, and K) and minerals such as copper, potassium, iron, magnesium, and phosphorus. Moreover, they also contain essential proteins, fibers and beneficial phytochemicals like glutathione, lutein, and beta-sitosterol. Butter fruit juice leaves your skin soft and supple when applied on the skin. It also helps in soothing the skin effectively. The fruit protects the skin from the harmful UV rays of the sun. Thus, it is an excellent sunscreen lotion. It contains many vitamins such as Vitamin C, A and E, which are essential for the skin. It hydrates all the skin type

Soy wax: melting point 43.3 – 79.4°C.

Made with pure, 100% natural soybeans.
 Longer, cooler and cleaner burning without soot buildup.
 Made in the USA with domestically grown crops.
 Renewable sustainable resources requiring plant growth.
 Biodegradable and free from pesticides and herbicides.
 Produced containing NO Genetically Modified Material.
 Easy to clean up with soap and hot water eliminating solvents.
 Manufactured meeting FDA and Kosher standards.
 Very stable allowing for long shelf life.
 Not subject to animal testing.

Herbs, Plants, Spices and Essential Oils

Aloe Vera- (Barbadensis Miller)-Integumentary-Immune

Planting:

When growing aloe Vera plants, plant them in a cactus potting soil mix or a regular potting soil that has been amended with additional perlite or building sand. Also, make sure that the pot has plenty of drainage holes. Aloe Vera plants cannot tolerate standing water. best in south- or west-facing windows. The soil of the aloe Vera plant should be allowed to go completely dry before being watered. When the aloe plant is watered, the soil should be thoroughly drenched, but the water should be allowed to drain freely from the soil. fertilized once a year in the spring

Harvesting: The leaves should be fleshy and green, and at least eight inches in length. The outermost leaves are the best to use. These are the oldest and largest, containing a thick, nutrient-rich gel layer. When the tips of the leaves attain a rosy tinge, the leaf is ripe and ready to harvest

Drying/extracting:Remove the leaf, use a sharp knife and cut near the base, Rinse. Remove the serrated edges and skin. Mature Aloe Vera leaves are slightly curved. Place the concave side down on a cutting board. Next, slice around the perimeter. The top layer of skin comes off next. Run the knife just under the surface and peel it away. Now you can flip the leaf over and do the same to the other side. You can scrape the leaves if you will be using the gel topically

Properties/uses: It is known for its healing and anti-inflammatory properties. The leaf juices of the aloe plant have important medicinal uses making aloe one of the most respected medicinal plants found in many gels, creams and lotions. Modern researchers have identified several reasons why aloe gel spurs wound healing: It has antibacterial, anti-fungal and antiviral compounds that help prevent wound infections. It also has immune-stimulating and anti-inflammatory compounds, and it stimulates collagen synthesis and skin regeneration after a burn. Aloe gel contains vitamins C and E, plus the mineral zinc. Aloe Vera gel is soothing, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial – helps heal acne, improve the appearance of wrinkles, and hydrate damaged skin. Applying a thin layer of aloe Vera gel will help ease discomfort caused by painful skin irritations, and acne.

Storage: Transfer the Aloe gel to a storage container like a plastic or glass dish with a lid.

Apple Cider Vinegar-Integumentary-Digestive-Cardiovascular-

Properties/uses: Real apple cider vinegar is made by fermenting pressed apple juice until the natural sugar turns into vinegar. The apple cider vinegar you should use is the raw, organic, unfiltered, and unpasteurized kind of apple cider vinegar. Not the refined kind. Only the good quality kind of ACV contains the “mother” of vinegar, which is the cloudy stuff that sinks to the bottom of the bottle. This substance contains the beneficial enzymes, bacteria, pectin and trace minerals that makes apple cider vinegar so good for your entire body. Apple cider vinegar can reduce age spots. Contains alpha hydroxy acids, fights acne and pimples, unclog your pores, balances your skin’s pH, fights wrinkles, clear redness on face, The low pH level of vinegar also aids in reducing skin itchiness and irritation. Reduce Acid Reflux and Heartburn. Relieve Sunburns and Bug Bites, Lower Blood Pressure

Arrowroot Powder: (Maranta arundinacea)-Digestive

Properties/uses: Arrowroot is a powdery, highly digestible starch that is commonly used in cooking throughout the Caribbean. The plant, which is considered an herb, is native to the Caribbean and thrives in the tropical climate. The starch comes from the rhizomes of the Maranta arundinacea plant. St. Vincent and Jamaica are the main producers of the arrowroot starch. arrowroot is gluten free. It should be mixed with cold water before being added to a hot liquid to prevent clumping. Arrowroot aids digestion and regulates the bowel movement. Its high starch content acts as a mild laxative for those suffering from irritable bowel syndrome. The demulcent effects of arrowroot powder can soothe the bowels in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Arrowroot starch is also considered an effective remedy for diarrhea and a lot of other gastrointestinal ailments. It can relieve nausea and replace nutrients that are lost due to diarrhea and vomiting. Being easily digestible in comparison to other starches, it is suitable for infants. It can be made into a jelly to feed newly weaned infants. It can also be used as an alternative to breast milk as it is easily digestible. Arrowroot is an excellent source of potassium, which is an important component of cell and body fluids that help regulate the heart rate and blood pressure It is a small, perennial herb with broad, flat, ovate-shaped leaves and grows to a height of 3 to 5 feet. It is a small, perennial herb with broad, flat, ovate-shaped leaves and grows to a height of 3 to 5 feet. The root is underground and is a small, cylindrical-shaped, cream-white/light red tuber, covered with thin surface scales.

Drying/extracting: Before extracting the starch, they are washed and the scales are removed to avoid any disagreeable flavor. The roots are washed, drained, and reduced to a pulp by beating them in mortars. This milky liquid is passed through a coarse cloth and the insoluble, pure starch is allowed to settle at the bottom. This starch is dried in the sun or “drying house”, resulting in the formation of arrowroot powder. This powder is fine, clear white, and odorless, and is used as a thickening agent in food industries. Storage:Store in an airtight container

Basil-Integumentary-(Ocimum basilicum)-Skeletal-Cardiovascular-Respiratory-

Properties/uses: Basil herb contains exceptionally high levels of beta-carotene, vitamin-A, cryptoxanthin, lutein, and zeaxanthin. These compounds help act as protective scavengers against oxygen-derived free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a role in aging and various disease processes. 100 grams of fresh herb basil leaves contain astoundingly 5275 mg or 175% of daily required doses of vitamin A. Vitamin-A is known to have antioxidant properties and is essential for vision. It also required for maintaining healthy mucosa and skin. Consumption of natural foods rich in vitamin-A has been found to help the human body protect from lung and oral cavity cancers. Vitamin K in basil is essential for the production of clotting factors in the blood and plays a vital role in the bone strengthening and mineralization. Basil herb contains a good amount of minerals like potassium, manganese, copper, and magnesium. Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids, which helps control heart rate and blood pressure. Manganese utilized by the human body as a co-factor for the antioxidant enzyme, super-oxide dismutase. Basil leaves are an excellent source of iron. Its fresh leaves carry 3.17 mg/100 g (about 26% of RDA) of iron. Iron, being a component of hemoglobin inside the red blood cells, is one of the chief determinants of oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.

Seeding/planting: a leafy, fragrant annual with a bushy appearance. it only grows in the summer. Ensure your outdoor site gets 6 to 8 hours of full Sun daily; soil should be moist and well-drained. Plant the seeds/seedlings about 10 to 12 inches apart.

Harvesting: Remember to pinch out the flower heads as soon as they appear to make sure that the leaves will continue growing. After 6 weeks, pinch off the center shoot to prevent early flowering. If flowers do grow, just cut them off. After the seedlings have their first six leaves, prune to above the second set. Every time a branch has six to eight leaves, repeat pruning the branches back to their first set of leaves. The best time to harvest is right when the plant starts to bud (before the flowers bloom).

Drying/extracting: Pinch off the leaves at the stem and place them in a well-ventilated and shady area.

Storage: The best method for storing basil is freezing. Freezing will prevent the plant from losing any of its flavor.

Calendula-(Calendula officinalis)-Integumentary-

Seeding/planting: short lived perennial. Plant almost any time after frost: early spring into early summer. It doesn’t do well in scorching heat, so the earlier the better.

If you don’t harvest the heads, they die back on their own, and then they’ll go to seed fast. – monitor them carefully and collect ripe seed for planting the next year (you want to collect the seed when it’s brown, not green).

Properties/uses: antioxidant, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and regenerating properties, and has been proven to aid in wound healing. Combined with Olive Oil, it becomes an excellent salve even for serious burns, bruises, cuts and diaper rash. Calendula is a particularly good treatment for cuts, scrapes, bruises, insect bites and minor wounds. Calendula is anti-fungal and so can help to cure thrush (Candida albicans). good face wash for dry, irritated skin and acne. Fresh Calendula petals can also be infused in boiling water and used to treat minor infections, conjunctivitis, and mouth sores. Calendula tinctures are also a concentrated and convenient way to treat sore or infected gums.

Harvesting: first flush of flowers is in full bloom. The more you harvest, the more flowers each plant will put out. After the first cutting, you can probably return to harvest more every 3 days or so. The ideal time to harvest is in the morning, before it gets warm, but after the dew dries.

Drying/extracting: Bring the flower heads indoors, into an area out of direct sunlight. Don’t wash the heads. Spread the heads out face down. Calendula should never be subjected to high heat, so oven drying is out of the question. Set your dehydrator to 90-95 degrees F. If you’re air drying, turn the flowers over every so often. Keep them out of direct sunlight. Storage: must be completely dry. In sealed jar out of the light

Catnip:(Nepeta cataria)-Digestive-Nervous-Integumentary-Respiratory-Unrinary-

Seeding/planting: It prefers nice open loam but will grow in just about anything. It is also drought tolerant but prefers regular watering. It is not fond of wet feet though.

Harvesting:You may harvest catnip leaves at any time in the growing season. However, the oils that so entrance cats reach their peak when the plant flowers. You can also harvest the flowers and use them like the leaves. To minimize the chance of the catnip molding instead of drying, wait until any dew has evaporated before harvesting. This means mid-morning or early afternoon is the best time of day to harvest. Cut entire stems at the base of the plant. This method will provide you with a collection of leaves and flowers to use or dry. Catnip grows quickly and will soon replace any removed plant matter. However, it will replace removed stems more quickly than randomly removed leaves. Early in the season you can pinch off the tips of shoots to encourage more bushy growth for later harvesting. You can use whatever you pinch off.

Properties/uses: Catnip is an aromatic perennial herb native to central Europe and now naturalized throughout the northeastern US and Canada. This plant grows to approximately 1 m and has dark green, oval-toothed leaves. The medicinal components of the plant are its dried leaves and white flowering tops. Used as an insect repellent. More recently, research done at Iowa State Univerty, showed that catnip was 10 times more effective at repelling mosquitoes than DEET. Catnip is used for trouble sleeping(insomnia); anxiety; migraine and other headaches; cold and other upper respiratory infections; flu; swine flu; fever; hives; worms; and gastrointestinal (GI) upset, including indigestion, colic, cramping, and gas (flatulence). It is also used as a tonic, for increasing urination, and for starting menstrual periods in girls with delayed onset of menstruation. Some people apply catnip directly to the skin for arthritis, hemorrhoids, and as a compress to relieve swelling. Catnip essential oil containing mostly Nepetalactone, but also citral, geraniol, citronellol, nerol, thymol and limonene, is extracted by steam distillation. It has mild anesthetic properties (try it by chewing a leaf, or just bruising a leaf in your mouth) and has been used for tooth and gum aches.

Drying/extracting: cut it and dry thoroughly. It takes quite a lot of time to dry properly. If you store it before it’s dry it will go moldy. Dry and save it, or use it fresh. It just won’t be quite as strong in scent or effectiveness. Spread the stems across a drying rack and leave them to dry in a cool, dark area. Alternately, tie the stems in small bunches; hang the bunches, with the flowers downward, in a cool, dark area. When the plants are dry enough to store, a leaf will crumble easily between your fingers. Storage:Store in an airtight container to retain the volatile oil.

Chaga-(Inonotus obliquus)- Digestive-Immune-cardiovascular-respiratory-

Harvesting: Chaga is a mushroom that grows over the course of many years on living birch trees, sucking the life force and medicine out of the tree and making it bio-available to us humans. Unlike most other tree mushrooms, Chaga grows on living trees.

Properties/uses: Chaga tea is one of the richest sources of antioxidants in the world, Chaga has an exceptional abundance of antioxidants (Super Oxide Dismutate, Betulinic Acids, Betulin, Melanin, etc.) beta glucans, a compound that strengthens the immune system. Chaga is believed to be anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory. Thus it is an effective tonic against candida and various infections. Chaga has shown positive effects on people suffering from many many conditions, such as cancer, internal infection, immune system difficulties, DNA degeneration, ulcers and digestive disorders, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory problems, drink one cup three times daily; otherwise, enjoy as you wish. Chaga is a great replacement to coffee. To make a tea: put a handful of Chaga into one liter of water. Bring to a boil and let simmer for 10 minutes. Strain, save the Chaga and re-use it 2 more times.

Drying/extracting: chip into small pieces, dry then grind to a powder. Storage:keep in a sealed glass jar

Chamomile- (Matricaria Recutita)-Digestive-Integumentary-Endocrine-Reproductive

Seeding/planting: Light requirements: Full sun or light shade. Water requirements: Occasional watering. Soil: Light sandy soil with good drainage. Plant them into the garden after the last frost is over. Though an annual that will only survive for one year, chamomile will readily seed itself.

Harvesting: you will know the flowers are ready to be harvested when the blooms are completely open. The white petals should be fully extended…if they are past this point, and the petals have begun to point downward, you can still harvest the flowers. Gently pinch the stem of the plant, just below the flower head, with your left (or non-dominant) hand. Place your fore finger and middle finger under the head of the flower…between the flower head and your other pinched fingers. Gently pull and pop the flower head off.

Properties/uses: It is a welcome tea for nerves and menstrual cramps. Chamomile helps promote a natural hormone, like thyroxin, which helps rejuvenate the texture of the hair and skin, and also helps in youthful mental alertness. It is a soothing sedative with no harmful effects. It is useful for small babies and children for colds, stomach trouble, colitis, a gargle and externally for eczema and inflammation. Chamomile has anti-bacterial, astringent and deodorant properties that make it a best remedy for treating excessive sweating. Its antibacterial property helps to eliminate the bacteria which produce the body odor and sweat. Its astringent property helps to constrict the sweat glands and deodorant properties counteracting the odor.

Drying/extracting:To dry the flowers, simply place them between two pieces of cheese cloth, or paper towel, in a dry spot. Storage: Once dry, place in an air tight jar until ready to use

Chickweed-(Stellaria media)-Integumentary-Urinary-Respiratory-Digestive-Reproductive-Immune/Lymphatic

Seeding/planting: Chickweed lives about 6 weeks. It will quickly reseed and create a new crop if the conditions are right. It thrives in moist rich soil and will take over whole garden beds in early spring.

Harvesting:Use scissors to harvest the tender new growth or just trim the top couple of inches off more developed plants.

Properties/uses:Chickweed is used to cure rheumatism and chest infections. It is widely used in itchy skin as well as in eczema, acne, hemorrhoids, varicose veins, psoriasis, inflammation, ulcers, vaginitis, urticaria, boils, abscesses, allergies and in other skin problems. Its anti-inflammatory and antibiotic actions are used to support healthy urinary tract function and cystitis. It soothes irritated tissues, balances metabolic functions and benefits arthritis, cancer, weight control, digestion, constipation, mucus build-up and respiratory problems including bronchitis, coughs, colds, lung disease, asthma, sore throat and flu symptoms. Chickweed can be applied as a medicinal poultice and will relieve any kind of roseola and is effective wherever there are fragile superficial veins or itching skin conditions. Chickweed is a powerhouse of nutrients. Spinach is the most mineral rich green in grocery stores but chickweed boasts 12 times more calcium, 5 times more magnesium, 83 times more iron, and 6 times more vitamin C! It is also high in zinc, which helps to build immune health.

Drying/extracting:harvest fresh chickweed, let it wilt in a basket for a day so it is at least half dried, chop it fine with scissors Storage: store in a glass jar in a cool dark place.

Cinnamon Leaf Oil (Cinnamonum verum)-Integumentary-Muscular-Respiratory-Cardiovascular-Digestive

Properties/uses: Cinnamon leaf oil has a musky and spicy scent, and a light yellow tinge. The oil extracted from cinnamon leaves contain phenols and beneficial components like eugenol, eugenol acetate, cinnamic aldehyde, linalool, and benzyl benzoate. It also has low levels of cinnamaldehyde, an excellent flavoring agent and the active component that helps repel mosquitoes and other insects. Use it as a disinfectant. With its strong germicidal properties, cinnamon leaf oil works as a non-toxic natural disinfectant. Use it to clean your toilets, refrigerator, kitchen counters and other surfaces, door knobs, microwave, and sneakers. You can even use it to clean and disinfect your chopping boards. Make a facial scrub. Mix it with cinnamon sugar, orange juice, and olive oil to create a rejuvenating scrub that has antiseptic properties to help kill facial bacteria effectively. Gargle as a mouthwash. Add a drop or two to a glass of purified water, and gargle with it. For people with dentures, simply make a solution of water, hydrogen peroxide, and cinnamon leaf oil, and soak your dentures in it. Add it to your foot soak. Mix a drop of cinnamon leaf oil in a bucket of warm water, and then soak your feet in it. This works great for athletes and people who wear closed shoes for most of the day. Use cinnamon leaf oil as an insect repellent. Did you know that the scent of cinnamon leaf oil can deter pesky household insects, such as black ants, mosquitoes, roaches, and flies? Studies found that it may even be more effective at repelling mosquitoes than the toxic chemical DEET. Simply spray or diffuse the oil around your home. You can also spray it over your mattresses and sheets to get rid of bed bugs. Add it to your shampoo. Add a drop of cinnamon leaf oil to your regular non-chemical shampoo. This will help keep your hair healthy and, in children, help kill stubborn head lice. This oil has a warm and antispasmodic effect on your body that helps ease muscular aches, sprains, rheumatism, and arthritis. It’s also a tonic that assists in reducing drowsiness and gives you an energy boost if you’re physically and mentally exhausted. Cinnamon leaf oil offers benefits against viral infections, such as coughs and colds, and helps prevent them from spreading. It even aids in destroying germs in your gallbladder and bacteria that cause staph infections. When diffused using a vaporizer or burner, cinnamon leaf oil can help ease chest congestion and bronchitis. Cinnamon can also help remove blood impurities and even aid in improving blood circulation. This helps ensure that your body’s cells receive adequate oxygen supply, which not only assists in promoting metabolic activity but also helps reduce your risk of suffering from a heart attack. Cinnamon leaf oil has gastric benefits as well, mainly because of its eugenol content. It works well for helping alleviate nausea, upset stomach, and diarrhea. It also works as an antibacterial agent that can promote good digestion.

Comfrey: (Symphytum officinale)-Digestive-Urinary-Integumentary-Reproductive-Skeletal-Nervous-Muscular-Cardiovascular

Seeding/planting: happiest in rich, moist soil in full sun to partial shade. And it will behave itself if left alone–as long as the roots are left undisturbed, Comfrey will stay in its place.

Harvesting: Harvest the Comfrey leaves in the afternoon, after the sun has dried off the morning dew.12 to 18 inches tall, we cut the leaves with a sickle by gathering a bunch together and shearing them off two inches above ground. The plants will grow enough to be cut again in 10 to 30 days.

Properties/uses:Used to heal cuts, abrasions, burns, ulceration’s, bruises, broken bones, and strained ligaments and tendons. Good blood cleanser. Helps heal ulcers and kidney problems. Best remedy for blood in urine .Superb wound healer and cell-proliferant (vulnerary), anti-inflammatory, anodyne, astringent, demulcent, emollient, expectorant, hemostatic, refrigerant. A decoction of the root stock makes a good gargle and mouthwash for throat inflammations, hoarseness, and bleeding gums. Drink it to take care of most digestive and stomach problems, for intestinal difficulties, for excessive menstrual flow, and to stop spitting blood. Powdered root stock can also be taken internally for bloody urine (hematuria), leucorrhea, diarrhea, gastro-intestinal ulcers, dysentery, and persistent coughs. Externally, use the powder as a hemostatic agent, and make a poultice for wounds, bruises, sores, and insect bites. The hot pulp of the root stock makes a good external application for bronchitis, pleurisy, and for the pain and inflammation of pulled tendons. Add the root stock to your bath water regularly for a more youthful skin. reputation as a mender of broken bones. contains allantoin, a substance known to aid granulation and cell formation

Drying/extracting: Wilt the whole fresh leaves for 12 hours or until the edges are crispy.

Storage: sealed glass jar away from light

Cucumber Peel Extract: (Cucumis sativus)-Integumentary

Properties/uses: Cucumber Peel extract makes a wonderful addition to skin-care products for its cooling and skin-tightening properties! It is greenish brown in color with a faintly woody scent. Cucumber is rich in vitamins and minerals essential for a healthy looking skin. In addition, Cucumber Peel offers a natural source for a powerful antioxidant. Cucumber Peel Extract can be used to keep the facial skin feeling soft and smooth. It also acts as a skin toner and can be used in astringents to revitalize stressed and tired skin, leaving it refreshed and radiant looking. Caffeic acid along with naturally occurring vitamin C. Other polyphenols include coumaric acid, gallic acid and trans-cinnamic acid, which all serve to boost the anti-oxidant factor. And as a bonus, both coumaric and cinnamic acid offer some UV protection! Additional vitamins are E and A which contributes to the free-radical damage that occurs over time, especially with sun exposure. Vitamin E may be beneficial to repair skin damage from acne. A 2011 study noted the benefits of cucumber peel extract in a cream to produce pronounced “decrease in melanin content of the skin showing that the formulation has skin whitening effects. The cream produced a pronounced decrease in skin sebum content showing that the formulation has anti-acne effects.” Benefits of cucumber peel extract also come its minerals of potassium, magnesium, enzymes and silica. All of these components add to your strong cell growth and rejuvenation. The benefits of cucumber peel extract include its anti-inflammatory, soothing and hydrating properties for the skin.Usage: If making a solution it is recommended that 1 part extract be dissolved in 10 parts of distilled water.

Dandelion-(Taraxacum)-Digestive-Skeletal-Immune-Urinary-Cardiovascular

Seeding/planting: common weed, grows freely in the grass

Harvesting: Pick small leaves for eating, use flowers and roots as well

Properties/uses:Bone Health: Dandelions are richin calcium, which is essential for the growth and strength of bones, and they are rich in antioxidants like vitamin-C and Luteolin, which protect bones from age-related damage. This inevitable damage is often due to free radicals, and is frequently seen as bone frailty, weakness, and decreased density. Liver Disorders: Dandelions can help the liver in many ways. While the antioxidants like vitamin-C and Luteolin keepthe liver functioning in optimal gear and protect it from aging, other compounds in dandelions help treat hemorrhaging in the liver. Furthermore, dandelions aid in maintaining the proper flow of bile, while also stimulating the liver and promoting digestion. Diabetes: Dandelion juice can help diabetic patients by stimulatingthe production of insulin from the pancreas, thereby keeping the blood sugarlevel low. Since dandelions are diuretic in nature, they increase urination in diabetic patients, which helps remove the excess sugar from the body. Diabeticsare also prone to renal problems, so the diuretic properties of dandelion can help removing the sugar deposition in the kidneys through increased urination. Furthermore, dandelion juice is slightly bitter to taste, which effectively lowers the sugar level in the blood, as all bitter substances do. Consistently lower blood sugar and a more regulated system of insulin release prevents dangerous spikes and plunges for diabetic patients, so dandelion extracts can be a perfect solution! Urinary Disorders: Dandelions are highly diuretic in nature, so they help eliminate deposits of toxic substances in the kidneys and the urinary tract. The disinfectant properties of dandelions also inhibit microbial growth in the urinary system. Skin Care: Dandelion sap, also known as dandelion milk, is useful in treating skin diseases which are causedby microbial and fungal infections. This treatment stems from the fact that the sap is highly alkaline and has germicidal, insecticidal and fungicidal properties. You should be careful while using this sap, and avoid any contact with the eyes. This sap can be used on itches, ringworm, eczema, and other skin conditions without the risk of side effects or hormonal disturbances commonly caused by pharmaceutical skin treatments.Acne: Dandelion juice is a good detoxifier, diuretic, stimulant and antioxidant. These four properties make it a great treatmentfor acne. Weight Loss: Our urine consists of up to 4% fat, so the more we urinate, the more water and fats are lost from the body. Dandelions, being diuretic in nature, promotes urination and thereby helps lose the dreaded “water weight” without causing any side effects. Furthermore, dandelions are low in calories, like most leafy greens, but for the small expense of calories(~1oo cal./4 cups), you get a huge amount of beneficial side effects. This is also why dandelions are sometimes used as sweeteners, because they are not packed with unhealthy sugars. Cancer: Dandelions are high in antioxidants, such as vitamin-C and Luteolin, which reduce the free radicals (major cancer-causing agents) in the body, thereby reducing the riskof cancer. It also detoxifies the body, which further helps protect from the development of tumors and various cancers. Luteolin actually poisons essential components of cancer cells when it binds to them, rendering them ineffective and unable to reproduce. This characteristic has been demonstrated most notably with prostate cancer, although there are other studies being done. Jaundice is primarily a disorder of the liver in which the organ starts overproducing bile, which ultimately enters the bloodstream and wreaks havoc on the body’s metabolism. The excess bile is also reflected through color of the skin, and eyes, which typically develop a yellow tint. The treatment of jaundice includes three main steps. First, you need to curb the production of bile. Second, you must remove the excess bile from the body, and third, you have to fight the underlying viral infection. Dandelions are very helpful in all of these steps. It promotesliver health and regulates bile production. Being diuretic in nature, it promotes urination, where the excess bile can be eliminated. Finally, as an antioxidant and disinfectant due to the presence of vitamin-C and Luteolin, it fights viral infections as well. It is most beneficial when taken with sugarcane juice, since it replaces the sugar in the body that is significantly lowered due to the impact of excess bile. A lack of sugar can cause extreme fatigue and weakness, so dandelions help boost your energy levels after infection! Gall Bladder Disorders: Dandelions are very beneficialfor the gall bladder and liver, because they improve their general functioning, protects them from ill effects of oxidants and infections, and regulates the various secretions from both organs.High Blood Pressure: Urination is an effective way of lowering blood pressure. In fact, most of the modern medicines for lowering blood pressure are based on this phenomenon. Dandelion juice, being diuretic in nature, increases urination, both in quantityand frequency. Therefore, it helps lower high blood pressure. The fiber in dandelion is also helpful in reducing cholesterol and thereby assists in lowering blood pressure, since cholesterol is one of the factors that increases blood pressure. Finally, there is the high potassiumcontent of dandelions, which is very effective in lowering blood pressure by replacing sodium. Drying/extracting: lay on a flat surface on paper towel until dry Storage: Keep in a sealed glass jar

Fennel (Mentha longifolia )-Digestive-

Seeding/planting: The seeds should be planted directly into the garden, around the time of the last spring frost. Plant the fennel seeds in fertile, well drained soil. best in full-sun or partial shade and should be watered regularly to keep the soil moist. Fennel grows as a hardy perennial.

Harvesting: The seeds are very loose, so the best way to collect them is to place a large bowl or sheet underneath the plant and shake the seed head. Alternatively, you can wrap the seed heads with cheesecloth while you’re cutting the stalks and remove the seeds later. For optimal freshness, the seeds should be harvested just as the flowers are beginning to dry out and turn brown.

Properties/uses: Fennel is used for treating gas, acid stomach, colic and cramps. It is often mixed with catnip in tincture form as an aid to colic. Drying/extracting: Allow the seeds to dry completely,

Storage:Then store them in a cool, dark place in an airtight container. They will keep for up to six months.

Garlic-(Allium sativum) -Digestive-Immune-Cardiovascular

Seeding/planting: It is said to prefer free draining loam with lots of organic matter. Building up your soil with green manure cover crops as part of your normal crop rotation is good practice. We like to get all our amendments into the soil before planting clove size is more important than bulb size as a determinant of future bulb size. Best when planted in the fall. The timing of fall planting should be such that the roots have a chance to develop and the tops do not break the surface before winter, about three weeks before the ground freezes.

Harvesting: A few weeks before harvesting stop watering the garlic. Different growers have different rules of thumb regarding the best time to harvest. The dying back of the leaves is only an approximate indicator. To harvest, carefully lift the bulbs with a spade or garden fork. Pull the plants, carefully brush off the soil, and let them cure in an airy, shady spot for two weeks.

Properties/uses: compound is known as allicin.Manganese: 23% of the RDA. Vitamin B6: 17% of the RDA. Vitamin C: 15% of the RDA. Selenium: 6% of the RDA. Fiber: 0.6 gram. Garlic supplementation is known to boost the function of the immune system. Human studies have found garlic supplementation to have a significant impact on reducing blood pressure in people with high blood pressure. Garlic can lower Total and LDLcholesterol. Garlic contains antioxidants that protect against cell damage and aging. It may reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Eating Garlic Can Help Detoxify Heavy Metals in the Body Drying/extracting: We hang them upside down on a string in bunches of 4 to 6. Make sure all sides get good air circulation. The bulbs are cured and ready to store when the wrappers are dry and papery and the roots are dry. The root crown should be hard, and the cloves can be cracked apart easily. Storage:Remove any dirt and trim off any roots or leaves. Keep the wrappers on—but remove the dirtiest wrappers.

Ginger-(Zingier officinale) -Digestive-Immune-Muscular-Reproductive-Cardiovascular-Nervous

Seeding/planting: Ginger does well in pots and containers so this should not present much of a problem to those growers in colder regions. perennial herb that likes a warm, humid climate and filtered sunlight. grown from rhizomes purchased, Look for large pieces with nubs or horns on them; these are the sections that will sprout. To wash off any growth retardant that may have been applied to the rhizomes, soak them in water for a few hours and rinse them well before planting. containers allow for at least 12-14″ depth, and at least that width as well. Plant rhizomes with buds facing upward in loose, moist soil that drains well, 2-4 inches deep, leaving part of the rhizome exposed. If planting in containers, use a soil that is light and add extra gravel to the bottom of the pot to improve drainage. They will eventually reach a height of 2 feet or more in a container,

Harvesting: Harvest baby ginger about 4-6 months after sprouting, mature ginger is generally harvested when the plant dies back in the fall or winter. To harvest dig up the rhizomes. Harvesting baby ginger (tender flesh, no skin to peel, no stringy fibers, mild ginger flavor) can begin 4-6 months after sprouting began. The rhizomes should be cream colored with pink scales when ready to harvest. Mature ginger rhizomes (as sold in the grocery store) will generally be ready to be harvested in about 10-12 months, or after the leaves die back in the fall/winter.

Properties/uses: Ginger can be used fresh, dried, powdered, or as an oil or juice, Gingerol is the main bio-active compound in ginger, responsible for much of its medicinal properties. It has powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effect. 1-1.5 grams of ginger can help prevent various types of nausea. This applies to sea sickness, chemotherapy-related nausea, nausea after surgery and morning sickness. In one study, consuming 2 grams of ginger per day, for 11 days, significantly reduced muscle pain in people performing elbow exercises. Ginger appears to speed up emptying of the stomach, which can be beneficial for people with indigestion and related stomach discomfort. Ginger appears to be very effective against menstrual pain when taken at the beginning of the menstrual period. It is very effective against the oral bacteria linked to inflammatory diseases in the gums, such as gingivitis and periodontitis. Ginger is used as a stimulant and as a carminative agent. Its young roots are juicy and fleshy with a very mild taste. Ginger is used as a flavouring agent. The flowers have an aromatic smell but the root is the most useful part of the plant. Ginger is used to cure alcoholic gastritis and diarrhea. Ginger Tea is a hot infusion, very useful to cold. When used topically, ginger oil can help relieve aches and pain, as well as promote normal blood circulation. This helps relieve backache, arthritis, muscle pain, rheumatism, and fractures, as well as stimulate your circulatory system and revitalize your libido. This helps relieve backache, arthritis, muscle pain, rheumatism, and fractures, as well as stimulate your circulatory system and revitalize your libido.

Drying/extracting: soak in water for 15mins. Wipe off any dirt. Cut into small pieces. Lay flat on a piece of tin foil on a cookie sheet an place in oven on low 150f for about two hours, check every 20mins. Once dry grind into a powder.

Storage: keep fresh ginger in the freezer. Powdered ginger can be kept in a sealed glass jar.

Place ginger in the crisper drawer of your refrigerator for approximately 3 weeks. It can also be wrapped in wax paper and placed in a sealed plastic bag in the freezer for approximately 3 months. Store powdered ginger in a glass jar away from direct light

Golden Rod-(Solidago canadenis ) -Integumentary-Urinary-Cadiovascular-Respiratory

Seeding/planting:It grows from 2 to 3 feet in height, with alternate leaves, of a clear green, and terminal panicles of golden flowers. The leaves and flowers yield a yellow dye.

When bruised, the herb smells like Wild Carrot. Long wood like stems with spiky tooth like parts which are widely-spaced, yellow flowers that grow in thick clusters.

Leaves:There can be wide variations in characteristics, but generally, goldenrod leaves are about 10 cm long and 2 cm wide, tapering to a point at the tip and narrowing at the base, with no leaf stem and small teeth around the edges. Three veins run parallel from near the base of the leaf.. The underside of the leaf is hairy, especially along the veins and the upper side has a rough texture. Height:Most Goldenrod plants average 1 meter in height.

Properties/uses:Constituents:

The plant contains tannin, with some bitter and astringent principles. Aromatic, stimulant, carminative. It is astringent and diuretic and efficacious for stone in the bladder. It is recorded that in 1788 a boy of ten, after taking the infusion for some months, passed quantities of gravel, fifteen large stones weighing up to 1 1/4 OZ., and fifty over the size of a pea. It allays sickness due to weak digestion. In powder it is used for cicatrization of old ulcers. It has been recommended in many maladies, as it is a good diaphoretic in warm infusion, and is in this form also helpful in dysmenorrhoea and amenorrhoea. As a spray and given internally, it is of great value in diphtheria. anti-fungal, diuretic, diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, astringent, antiseptic, and carminative. However, the actions of goldenrod to the kidneys, urinary track, skin, allergies, and cardiovascular system are impressive. The astringent and antiseptic qualities tighten and tone the urinary system and bladder making it useful for UTI infections. Used as a poultice for wounds and burn. Its antiseptic and antimicrobial properties make this a good choice for sore throats. As an expectorant, goldenrod can expel mucous easily from the lungs. As an anti-fungal, goldenrod contains saponins and is a useful alternative for Candida type yeast infections.

Harvesting: The aerial part of the plant is used and is harvested late summer into early fall before the flowers are in full bloom. Goldenrod can be used fresh or as a dried herb to make tea (although it is bitter), or as a fluid extract, tincture, or in capsules. All aerial parts of the plant can be used. The flowers are edible and make attractive garnishes on salads. Flowers and leaves (fresh or dried) are used to make tea. Leaves can be cooked like spinach or added to soups, stews or casseroles.

Drying/extracting: Leaves can be blanched and frozen for later use in soups, stews, or stir fry throughout the winter or spring. Storage: Store in a sealed glass jar

Green Tea Extract:

Properties/uses: Vit E, C, B and K. Magnesium and potassium. Anti-oxidant, repairs effects of aging and environmental factors, flushes out toxins, heals blemishes, scars, improves skin elasticity, reduces puffy eyes and dark circles, firms skin, reduces redness, anti-aging. Storage: store in a sealed glass jar

Lavender-(Lavandula) Nervous-Digestive-Integumentary-Respiratory

Seeding/planting:likes well drained soil and full sun

Harvesting:Wait until the flowers bloom. Cut about 3-4 inches from the base. Make sure to leave some flowers for pollination and germination

Properties/uses: include its ability to relieve stress, improve mood, promote restful sleep, reduce inflammation, lower skin irritation, prevent infections, eliminate dandruff, and soothe stomach bloating. lavender are calming, healing, and anti fungal. Lavender is used for restlessness, insomnia, nervousness, and depression, loss of appetite,vomiting,nausea, intestinal gas (flatulence), and upset stomach. Bug Repellent: The smell of lavender essential oil is potent for many types of bugs like mosquitoes, midges, and moths. anti-inflammatory qualities that will reduce the irritation and the pain associated with bug bites. Nervous system: helpful in treating migraines, headaches, depression, nervous tension and emotional stress. Lavender essential oil inhibits the bacteria that cause the initial infection, helps to regulate some of the over-excretion of sebum by hormonal manipulation, and can reduce the signs of scarring after the acne has begun to heal. Excellent remedy for various types of pains including those caused by sore and tense muscles, muscular aches, rheumatism, sprains, backache and lumbago. Respiratory disorders: Lavender oil is widely used for various respiratory problems including throat infections, flu, cough, cold, asthma, sinus congestion, bronchitis, whooping cough, laryngitis, and tonsillitis. applied on the skin of the neck, chest and back. Hair care: Lavender essential oil is useful for hair care because it has been shown to be very effective on lice, lice eggs, and nits. Furthermore, lavender essential oil has also been shown to be very helpful in the treatment of hair loss, particularly for patients who suffer from alopecia, an autoimmune disease where the body rejects its own hair follicles. General Skin care: The health benefits of lavender oil for the skin can be attributed to its antiseptic and anti-fungal properties. It is used to treat various skin disorders such as acne, wrinkles, psoriasis, and other inflammatory conditions. It is commonly used to speed up the healing process of wounds, cuts, burns, and sunburns because it improves the formation of scar tissues. Drying/extracting:hang upside down in bundles until crisp. Storage:store in airtight glass jar or in the freezer

Lemon Balm:(Melissa officinalis)-Integumentary-Nervous-Digestive-

Seeding/planting: easy to obtain at a nursery and grow in the garden. It’s usually 2 to 3 feet tall, watered weekly and in a location that is primarily sunny but also gets some shade in the afternoon. Planting lemon balm near squash plants helps ensure sufficient pollination for the squashes, too. It’s easy to grow from seed or from a shoot of an existing plant placed in a glass of water, which should be changed daily. Once the plant has started to root, it can be planted in soil.

Harvesting: harvest the leaves and stems at any time after the plant has started growing.

Properties/uses: . Often used for stress and anxiety, this herb contains terpenes, Anxiety, Insomnia, lemon balm is typically applied topically (in the form of a cream or ointment). Cold sores, Genital herpes, Indigestion, Heartburn. It may interact with supplements and medications that have a sedative effect and with thyroid medication. Pregnant women, nursing mothers, and children shouldn’t take lemon balm supplements, effective insect repellent. Crushing the leaves and rubbing them on one’s skin deters mosquitoes. the plant is known to contain polyphenols, which play a role in fighting infection — particularly against streptococcus bacteria and mycobacteria. It also contains tannins, which are thought to contribute to its antiviral effects, and terpenes, which are believed to be responsible for its sedative effects. Furthermore, lemon balm contains a substance called eugenol, which is a natural anesthetic.

Drying/extracting: Dry the lemon balm by cutting about two-thirds of the way down the stem and hanging upside down in small bunches (up to about 1 inch in diameter at the base). hang upside down to dry or lay flat on paper towel. Storage: Store in a sealed glass jar

Lemon Thyme- (Thymus x citriodus)-Nervous-Immune-Cardiovascular-Digestive-Reproductive-Muscular

Seeding/planting: Plant lemon thyme plants in the spring in a full sun setting and space them 12 inches apart. These herbs enjoy well-drained soil and minimal irrigation.

Harvesting:just before the flowering of its tiny purple blooms.

Pick individual leaves, or snip leafy stems to the length you desire

Properties/uses:

A regular infusion prepared with lemon thyme leaves not only helps to unwind, but is also an excellent decongestant. Ability to prevent certain diseases and to promote and enhance immune system. The leaves of thyme are excellent source of iron, calcium, manganese, magnesium, selenium, and potassium. Due to these minerals, thyme is used as an antioxidant, and it helps control blood pressure and heart rate. All of the most important vitamins are also present in thyme. Vitamin C, that helps the body create and develop resistance against infections and free radicals, vitamin A, that is essential for vision, skin, and healthy mucus membrane, and beta-carotene, that protects from lung cancer. Besides, there is also vitamin K and vitamin B-6, that is beneficial for neurotransmitters in the brain, thus, relieve from stress.

Overall, 100 grams of lemon thyme contains dietary fiber (38% of the daily recommended mount), vitamin B-6 (27%), vitamin C (266%), vitamin A (158%), iron (218%), magnesium (40%), calcium (40%), and manganese (45%). Because thyme is stimulant and has diuretic properties, it can also help with upset stomach, chronic gastritis, bloating, flatulence, and curing indigestion. Lemon thyme in fact helps relax the muscles of gastronomical tract. Thyme is also used as a remedy for menstrual cramps. In aromatherapy, it reduces stress and fatigue. Having anti-fungal properties, it reliefs from scabies and lice infestation. It also has the power to get rid of the itching. For strong and dandruff-free hair, thyme is a powerful ally. For strong hair, massage with thyme oil is very beneficial. It stimulates circulation and promotes hair growth. Overall, lemon thyme is great for boosting lymphatic and immunity system. Lemon thyme essential oil has been used as a remedy since ancient times. It can help with concentration and memory, it can combat depression and anxiety, it can strengthen the nervous system, and, it can treat cold, asthma, sore thoughts and colds. Its warming effect can help with rheumatism, muscular aches, and pains and sports injuries. Thyme essential oil has antiseptic, cardiac, diuretic, stimulant, tonic, anti-rheumatic, and antispasmodic properties.

Drying/extracting:hand upside down in bundles until crisp. Storage:store in airtight glass jar or in the freezer

Linden-(Tilia )-Urinary-Digestive-Nervous-Cardiovascular-Respiratory

Seeding/planting:

Harvesting: The fragrant flowers of this genus have a whitish or yellowish hue and are collected during the summer.

Properties/uses: Flowers, young leaves, inner bark. Linden is a tree belonging to different species of the genus Tilia, also known as lime or basswood tree. Diaphoretic, the flowers of linden are prescribed for two opposing purposes – as a nervine (a sedative or medication for the nerves) and also in the form of a stimulant. Apart from these, linden flowers are regarded to be very effective in treating indigestion, headaches, diarrhea and hysteria.

Linden flowers enclose several flavonoid compounds, especially derivatives of kaempferol and quercetin accompanied by p-coumaric acid. The effectiveness of linden flowers as a diaphoretic is attributed to these compounds. In other words, these compounds enable the flowers to stimulate perspiration. The flowers also enclose an aromatic volatile oil in conjugation with varied amounts of mucilage and tannin. The bioflavonoids present in linden flowers have soothing properties, which coupled with their favorable actions on the arteries make them an effective medication to lower high blood pressure as well as treat arteriosclerosis (a degenerating disease of the arteries). In addition, the flowers of linden also comfort/ unwind the arteries of the heart, which make them helpful in treating palpitations and coronary heart ailments. When taken in the form of a hot infusion, linden flowers promote sweating and improve blood circulation to the skin. The flowers of linden are also an effective medication to reduce fevers, especially in children, to clear catarrhal blocking. When ingested along with elderflowers, the blossoms of linden facilitate in treating colds, coughs as well as flu. When taken in the form of an infusion that is either cool or warm, linden flowers have a diuretic action and facilitate in getting rid of excessive fluid accumulation as well as toxic substances from the body by means of urination. Linden possesses diaphoretic, anti-spasmodic and tranquilizing attributes. In effect, linden helps to alleviate tensions as well as headaches, facilitates in soothing the mind and makes thoughts effortless. In addition, it is a good medication for treating anxiety and fright and is especially employed to cure nervous palpitations. Ingestion of preparations using the flowers helps in alleviating colds and flu by lessening nasal blockage and reducing fever. The blossoms of linden are generally taken internally to lower hypertension (high blood pressure), especially when emotional issues are concerned. Linden flowers are also used for a prolonged period to cure elevated systolic blood pressure related to arteriosclerosis. Owing the emollient (relaxing) properties, in France blossoms of linden are employed to prepare an ointment to cure itching skin. While the species Tilia cordata is considered to be more potent, T. Americana is also used therapeutically. The dehydrated flowers of this species are gently sweet and muggy and the fruits are rather sweet as well as mucilaginous. The herbal tea prepared with dried linden flower tops has a pleasant flavor owing to the fragrant volatile oils present in the blooms. In effect, several parts of linden, including the leaves, flowers, wood and charcoal (obtained by completely burning the wood) are used therapeutically. Flavonoids (which work as antioxidants), mucilaginous elements (which relax and lessen inflammations) and volatile oils are the main active constituents of linden. In addition, this plant also encloses tannins, which work like astringents. To prepare the infusion, add three dried linden flowers to one cup (250 ml) of hot water and take it with or without adding honey. Drying/extracting: They are dried soon after collection in a shady location. It is important to conserve the dried out linden flowers carefully, as even a little amount of humidity is enough to lessen the aromatic attributes as well as the actions of the flowers.

Nettle-(Urtica dioica) -Urinary-Immune-

Seeding/planting: Stinging nettle is a perennial herb with opposite deep green leaves with serrated edges and tiny greenish flowers. Stems are square. Plants grow 3-7 feet tall. The stalk and underside of leaves are covered with stinging hairs that rise from a gland containing formic acid. Nettle is common in stream beds, forests and disturbed areas with rich wet soil.

Harvesting: Gather nettles to eat fresh when they are very young – usually about 4-8 inches tall. The whole above ground part can be eaten, stems and all They are most potent when gathered in early spring before flowering, usually from March-May. Young leaves are edible raw, though they will sting in the mouth for a short time. young shoots and young plants are edible when steamed/cooked. roots are edible when cooked. roots are best when collected in spring/autumn. grows in moist soil and disturbed areas in plains, foothills, and montane regions.

Properties/uses: they are 29 times higher in Calcium and nine times higher in Iron than spinach. The plant is comprised mainly of complex sugars and lectins. Nettle contains prostaglandins which have properties that support resistance to redness and irritation. Nettle leaf also contains high levels of protein, calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, and beta-carotene and high amounts of the vitamins A, C, D, and B complex. During the allergy season, two to three 300 mg stinging nettle capsules or tablets can be taken three times a day. For benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), 120 mg of a concentrated root extract has been taken twice a day traditionally. Turkey scientists studied the antioxidant properties of stinging nettle extracts using different antioxidant tests, including reducing power, free radical scavenging, super-oxide anion radical scavenging, hydrogen peroxide scavenging, and metal chelating activities. They found that stinging nettle extracts had powerful antioxidant activities. Its antioxidant activities were comparative to butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), quercetin, and alpha-tocopherol. Extracts of nettle roots are reliable diuretics that encourage excretion of uric acid, but simultaneously discourage nighttime bathroom urges, making this remarkable plant useful for such disparate problems as gout, and the overnight incontinence of benign prostate enlargement and weak and irritated bladder. Frequent use of nettle leaf tea, a cup or more daily, rapidly relieves and helps prevent water retention. Nettle is a superb nourisher of the kidneys and adrenals.

Drying/extracting: fresh young spring plants cooked until tender and seasoned with just a little butter. The leaves can be used raw and applied directly. Use the dried leaf in teas or sprinkled it onto food like parsley. Stinging nettle makes an almost iridescent emerald green tea that is very nutritious, mild and slightly grassy. To dry nettles, bundle them and hang them upside down in a dark dry place, or place them in a paper bag and rotate them every few days until dry. Use gloves when you strip the leaves off the stem.

Storage: Once cooked or dried, nettles completely lose their sting. Store in a dry place like a glass jar, away from sunlight. The easiest way to do that is to freeze them in batches in the spring. Fill a colander with the amount of nettle you think you will use for a typical dish. For me this is a medium sized colander. Wash the nettles. Boil a pot of water that is large enough to submerge the nettles. After rinsing the nettles place them in the boiling water and boil about 3 minutes – long enough that they are fully cooked. Remove them nettles from the water with a slotted spoon and submerge in a bowl of cold water to stop the cooking process. Remove with the slotted spoon, let drain a minute and then place in a freezer bag

Marshmallow root-Althea officinalis-Integumentary-Reproductive-Respiratory-Digestive-Urinary-Nervous

Seeding/planting: perennial flowering weed of moist, damp places. Since marshmallow is a perennial, you’ll want to put plant it where you want it to grow permanently. Marshmallow grows from root divisions or cuttings. Cuttings root easily in summer, if the ground is kept damp. Divide the root in fall, after the plant dies down, or in the Spring before the succulent growth comes up. Plant marshmallow in your garden, in a damp spot. Plant it in full sun. It is hardy to zone 3 and thrives in cool to cold areas, where other flowers fail.

Harvesting: Flowers, leaves, and root are edible. At any time you can harvest the leaves to use as a poultice. Harvest the leaves after flowering. Harvest the root in late fall, before the ground freezes. Clean the roots of root fibers and cork.

Properties/uses: Demulcent, emollient, diuretic. Althea’s particular excellence Is soothing irritated tissue. A soothing agent to inflammations of the mouth, stomach, intestines, kidneys and bladder; also an astringent to these tissues and vaginal mucosa; an excellent respiratory syrup for sore throats. Externally, use it as a poultice for irritations, burns, carbuncles and furuncles, and wounds. Marshmallow leaf and root are used for pain and swelling (inflammation) of the mucous membranes that line the respiratory tract. They are also used for dry cough, inflammation of the lining of the stomach, diarrhea, stomach ulcers, constipation, urinary tract inflammation, and stones in the urinary tract. Marshmallow root is applied to the skin as an ingredient in ointments for chapped skin as well as for pain and swelling of the feet and hands due to exposure to the cold

Drying/extracting: Chop roots into ½ inch pieces and dry immediately. Storage: keep in a sealed glass jar

Mint (Mentha longifolia )-Integumentary-Nervous-Digestive

Seeding/planting:will take over the garden, fast spreading. Likes full sun, well drained soil. Harvesting, cut off stems all year round

Properties/uses: Allergies: Mint plants contain an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent called rosmarinic acid which has been studied for its effectiveness in relieving seasonal allergy symptoms, revealing a promising natural treatment. Breast feeding: Although breastfeeding can offer significant benefits for both infant and parent, it can cause pain and damage to nipple. A study published in April 2007 in the International Breastfeeding Journal suggested that peppermint water is effective in preventing nipple cracks and nipple pain in first-time mothers who are breastfeeding. Skin: When applied topically in oil, ointment or lotion, mint has the effect of calming and cooling skin affected by insect bites, rash or other reactions.

Balms with a mint base or basic mint oil, when rubbed on the forehead and nose, gives quick relief in case of headache. Mint is a naturally soothing substance, so it can alleviate the inflammation and temperature rise that is often associated with headaches and migraines. Depression and Fatigue: Mint is a natural stimulant. Skin Care and Pimples: While mint oil is a good antiseptic and anti-pruritic material, mint juice is an excellent skin cleanser. It soothes skin, and helps to cure infections and itchiness, as well as being a good way to reduce pimples, and it can even relieve some of the symptoms of acne. Its anti-pruritic properties can be used for treating insect bites like those of mosquitoes, honeybees, hornets, wasps, and gnats. The cooling sensation will relieve you of the irritating sensation to scratch, and the anti-inflammatory nature of mint will bring down swelling! In that same vein, mint oil is often a basic component of bug repellent products like citronella candles, because the strong aroma is unappealing to most insects.

Drying/extracting:hand upside down in bundles until crisp. Storage: store in airtight glass jar or in the freezer

Mullein:(Verbascum thapsus)-Respiratory-Integumentary-Nervous

Seeding/planting: Most are tall, stout biennials with large leaves and flowers in long terminal spikes. From June to September, five-petaled yellow flowers 1/4 to 1 inch across bloom randomly in the dense, club-shaped terminal cluster. The three upper stamens, which are short and woolly, contain a sap that lures insects to the plant. The two lower stamens, which are longer and smooth, produce the pollen that fertilizes the flower. Mullein is drought-resistant and grows easily from seed. Sow a small pinch of seeds about 18 inches apart and 1/16 inch deep in ordinary, well-drained soil, toward the back of the border or bed. A location in full sun is preferable, but mullein will grow in light shade. Clumps of seedlings and low rosettes will arise the first year. By the second year, the mature plants will provide a tall vertical element in the garden. Mullein self-sows readily, so take care to pull out unwanted plants to keep your mullein patch tidy.

Harvesting: The leaves and flowers of the plant that have rich medicinal worth are harvested during summer months. Pick leaves from the top and middle of the mullein plant, as bottom leaves are often dirty or infested with insects. Choose healthy leaves that have no signs of damage.

Properties/uses: Mullein tea is a traditional treatment for respiratory problems, such as chest colds, bronchitis and asthma. Mullein leaf tea is slightly bitter; a tea of the flowers is sweeter. Both the leaves and flowers contain mucilage, which is soothing to irritated membranes, and saponins, which make coughs more productive. Research has shown that the herb has strong anti-inflammatory activity, and lab studies suggest that mullein flower infusions have antiviral properties, as well. Mullein flower oil (made by steeping the flowers in warm olive oil) also has been used for treating hemorrhoids, as well as earaches. To prepare medicated oil with the common mullein, drench two handfuls of cut dehydrated or fresh mullein flowers and leaves in two cups of olive oil or sweet almond for eight days at a stretch. Then filter the liquid and store it in bottle for later use. It is important to store the liquid in a cool and dry place to retain its properties. This oil is beneficial for dressing different skin conditions. Faintly warm a few drops of this medicated oil and place it inside the ear canal to alleviate ear ache. Remember to cover the ear with a warm cloth after applying the oil.

Drying/extracting: Spread the mullein leaves out on a drying screen. Use a clean window screen if you don’t have a permanent drying screen. Place the leaves on the screen so they do not touch or overlap. Set the screen in a room that is not in direct sunlight. Open a window or turn on a fan to provide air flow around the leaves and speed up the drying process. Dry the leaves for three days. Turn over each leaf and dry them for an additional three days. Check for spots that aren’t completely dry yet on the leaves. If some leaves aren’t quite dry yet, continue drying them for two to three more days.

Storage: Store the dried leaves in an airtight bag or container until they are ready to use.

Oregano(Origanum vulgare )-Cardiovascular-Reproductive-Digestive-Urinary-Integumentary-Muscular-Nervous-Immune

Seeding/planting:can be invasive, likes full sun and well drained soil

Harvesting:keep flowers pinched back to encourage the leaves to keep growing. Cut stems all year round.

Properties/uses:It contains high amounts of Omega-3s, Iron, Manganese, and antioxidants. It is considered to be antibacterial, anti-parasitic, antiseptic, antiviral and immune stimulating. Oregano contains: fiber, iron, manganese, vitamin E, iron, calcium, omega fatty acids, manganese, and tryptophan. is used for respiratory tract disorders such as coughs, asthma, croup, and bronchitis. It is also used for gastrointestinal (GI) disorders such as heartburn and bloating. Other uses include treating menstrual cramps, rheumatoid arthritis, urinary tract disorders including urinary tract infections (UTIs), headaches and heart conditions. The oil of oregano is taken by mouth for intestinal parasites, allergies, sinus pain,arthritis,cold and flu,swine flu, earaches, and fatigue. It is applied to the skin for skin conditions including acne, athlete’s foot, oily skin, dandruff, canker sores, warts,ringworm, rosacea, and psoriasis; as well as for insect and spider bites, gum disease, toothaches, muscle pain, and varicose veins. Oregano oil is also used topically as an insect repellent.

Drying/extracting:hand upside down in bundles until crisp. Storage:store in airtight glass jar or in the freezer

Passion Flower:(Passiflora incarnata)-Nervous-Respiratory-Reproductive

Seeding/planting:3 inch diameter flowers are very unique and beautiful.
They begin blooming in July and continue until frost.
The vines can easily grow up to 15 feet in a season. Grow it on a fence or trellis, or simply allow it to scramble harmlessly over your shrubs and trees. They need partial to full sun, and will adapt themselves to most well-drained soils. During the growing season, the soil should be kept evenly moist, to ensure good flowering and growth.

Harvesting: Cut stems, leaves and flowers from passion flower plants with scissors when they are mature and blooming. Tie these cuttings into small bundles using string.

While you can harvest–or pick–passion flowers, it is more common to harvest them after they have turned to fruit and have ripened. Wait until the flowers reach about 2 to 3 inches in diameter and have three large green leaves. In the center of the leaves are five greenish-white sepals with five white petals on top. The flowers are mature at this point and can be picked with a small pair of clippers; however, most people wait until the flowers turn to fruit to harvest. Allow the flowers to die away and the ovaries inside the flowers transform into fruits, which are green at first. The fruits will continue to grow until they are about 1 1/2 to 2 inches wide. Notice when the fruits change colors, which signifies a ripe fruit. This typically occurs 70 to 80 days after blooming. Passion fruit colors range from light yellow, orange and purple, depending on your passion fruit variety. Harvest passion fruits each day as they begin to change colors. Either clip them off the vine or wait until they drop to the ground. The rinds are tough enough to withstand the fall and not hurt the edible seeds and juice inside. Properties/uses: Measure a teaspoon of crushed passion flower into a tea ball. Passion flower is a gentle sedative and tranquilizer. It relaxes twitching and muscle tension without impacting respiratory rate or psychological function the way many pharmaceutical sedatives do, making it a powerful herbal treatment. It’s balancing healing powers come from the plant’s alkaloids and bioflavonoids, unique compounds that interact positively with the body’s own methods to maintain mental and physical wellness and equilibrium. Anxiety, insomnia,drug withdrawal symptoms, neuralgia,epilepsy. Blood Pressure-Lowering. Passion flower is a gentle sedative and tranquilizer.. Helps With Sleeping: Arguably the most common medicinal usage of passionflower tea or extracts would be to help alleviate insomnia, which is the persistent inability to fall asleep or remain asleep through the evening. More particularly, recent researchers have concluded that their findings imply low-dose usage of passionflower tea yields short-term subjective sleep benefits for adults with sleep issues. Eases Pain: Due to the antispasmodic and sedative effects, physical pain is also relieved by passion flower in a myriad of ways. Try it for premenstrual cramps or to lessen headache pain. It could also alleviate muscle discomfort and toothaches.

Drying/extracting: Wash and dry your passion fruits and then store them in a plastic bag. Keep for two to three weeks at 50 degrees Fahrenheit. When the fruit begins to shrivel a bit, the seeds and juice inside are the sweetest. Hang in a sunny window and leave to dry for two weeks, or until the cuttings are dry and brittle to the touch. Untie the bundles and crush the leaves, stems and dried flowers with your fingers. Storage: Place them in a glass jar with a tight lid.

Pepper-(piper nigrum)Digestive-Immune-Respiratory

Properties/uses: anti-inflammatory, carminative, anti-flatulent properties. Peppercorns may increase gut motility as well as the digestion power through augmenting gastro-intestinal enzyme secretions. It has also been found that piperine can increase absorption of selenium, B-complex vitamins, beta-carotene, as well as other nutrients from the food. Black peppercorns contain a good amount of minerals like potassium, calcium, zinc, manganese, iron, and magnesium. Pyridoxine, riboflavin, thiamin and niacin. vitamin-C and vitamin-A. They are also rich in flavonoid polyphenolic anti-oxidants like carotenes, cryptoxanthin, zea-xanthin and lycopene. These compounds help the body remove harmful free radicals and help protect from cancers and diseases. Peppers have been used therapeutically in dentistry as an antiseptic remedy for tooth-decay and gum swellings. black pepper is a carminative, which forces gas out of the body in a healthy, downward motion, The outer layer of peppercorn assists in the breakdown of fat cells. Therefore, peppery foods are a good way to help you shed weight naturally, Pepper helps to cure Vitiligo, Respiratory Relief, Antibacterial Quality, Antioxidant Potential.

Storage: keep in a sealed glass jar

Plantain-(Plantago Major)-Integumentary-Cardivascular-Digestive-Nervous

Seeding/planting: Broad leaf Plantain is a perennial broad leaf plant that grows in many locations from spring to autumn. Plant by seed

Harvesting: Choose a dry, sunny day and harvest the plantain in the afternoon. Harvest your leaves on a dry, sunny day. Pull off any parts that look sick or diseased and brush off dirt with a dry cloth if needed.

Properties/uses:

Internally it is healing to GI tract inflammations from stomach ulcers to dysentery and septicemic conditions of the blood. Being high in chlorophyll this plant is an excellent wound healer, for abrasion and insect bites Plantain treats gastrointestinal tract disorders, skin ailments, blood system disorders, nervous system disorders, cardiovascular system disorders, and rheumatism. Two clinical trials in Bulgaria documented the plantain plants efficacy for chronic bronchitis. Plantain tea can be used as a mouthwash to help heal and prevent sores in the mouth, Bites, Stings, Rashes. Eczema, Psoriasis, Burns, Cuts, Yeast, Varicose Veins. Rich in vitamins a,c and k Its natural antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties make it great for speeding recover of wounds, and for itching or pain associated with skin problems. A tea made from the leaf leaf can be sprayed on mosquito bites to ease the itch. Plantain contains beta carotene (the precursor to Vitamin A), calcium, monoterpene alkaloids, glycosides, sugars, triterpenes, fixed oil, linoleic acid and tannins. Dried plantain can be used as a teaand is purported to alleviate heartburn and indigestion, as well as being a source for iron and extra vitamins. Simply dry, crush and steep in steaming water

Drying/extracting: use fresh, infuse in oil. Seeds can be eaten raw or cooked and can be tedious to harvest. The seed can be ground into a meal and mixed with flour. Dried leaves make a healthy herbal tea. Chop leaves or grind them in a food processor. Storage: sealed glass jar away from light

Purslane: (Portulaca oleracea.)-Integumentary-Cardiovascular

Seeding/planting:his hardy herb plant requires relatively less water and soil nutrients and grows well sunny climates. The plant grows up to 12-15 cm in height as a low-lying spread.

Harvesting:Trim the tough stems near roots using a sharp knife

Properties/uses: Soft, succulent Purslane leaves have more omega-3 fatty acids than in some of the fish oils. Fresh leaves contain surprisingly more omega-3 fatty acids (α-linolenic acid) than any other leafy vegetable plant. 100 grams of fresh Purslane leaves provide about 350 mg of α-linolenic acid. Research studies show that consumption of foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, and help prevent the development of ADHD, autism, and other developmental differences in children. It is an excellent source of Vitamin-A, (1320 IU/100 g, provides 44% of RDA) one of the highest among green leafy vegetables. Vitamin-A is a known powerful natural antioxidant and an essential vitamin for vision. It is also required to maintain healthy mucosa and skin. Consumption of natural vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin-A is known to help to protect from lung and oral cavity cancers. Purslane is also a rich source of vitamin-C, and some B-complex vitamins like riboflavin, niacin, pyridoxine and carotenoids, as well as dietary minerals, such as iron, magnesium, calcium, potassium, and manganese. Furthermore, present in Purslane are two types of betalain alkaloid pigments, the reddish β -cyanins, and the yellow β -xanthins. Both pigment types are potent antioxidants and have been found to have anti-mutagenic properties in laboratory studies. Purslane contains oxalic acid, a naturally-occurring substance found in some vegetables, which may crystallize as oxalate stones in the urinary tract in some people

Drying/extracting:Wash fresh leaves and stem in clean cold running water in order to remove any sand and insecticide/fungicide residues. After removing from water, mop it with a soft cloth to remove any moisture in them before storing in the refrigerator. Storage: Purslane can be kept in the fridge for about 3-4 days but should be eaten while the leaves are fresh and not wilted.

Red Clover:(Trifolium pratense )-Reproductive-Cardiovascular- Urinary-Immune

Seeding/planting: grows in any unsprayed lawn

Harvesting:Pick blossoms in the spring and summer for a sweeter flavor. The fall blossoms aren’t usually as sweet. Like most herbs, harvest red clover blossoms early in the day when the dew has dried. Cut fully open blossoms that are brightly colored, avoid browned flowers. Leave them on stems for drying purposes. The edible flowers are slightly sweet. You can pull the petals from the flower head and add them to salads throughout the summer. A few tiny florets are a delightful addition to a summer iced tea: Serve your summer guests a cup of iced mint tea with a lemon slice and five to ten tiny clover florets floating on top

Properties/uses: Red clover is considered to be one of the richest sources of isoflavones, which are water-soluble chemicals that act like estrogens (known collectively as phytoestrogens). Red Clover is therefore used for hot flashes/flushes, PMS, breast enhancement and breast health as well as lowering cholesterol, improving urine production and improving circulation of the blood, to help prevent osteoporosis, reduce the possibility of blood clots and arterial plaques and limiting the development of benign prostate hyperplasia. Red clover is also a source of many valuable nutrients including calcium, chromium, magnesium, niacin, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, and vitamin C. This effect may also reduce the possibility of developing estrogen-dependent cancer of the endometrium (the lining of the uterus). In addition, results from a review of nearly 1000 women suggest that red clover may interfere with an enzyme known to promote the progression of endometrial cancer. Hot flashes/flushes, PMS, Lowers cholesterol, helps prevent osteoporosis, reduces possibility of forming blood clots and arterial plaques, can limit development of benign prostate hyperplasia. Breast enhancement and breast health. Improve urine production, circulation of the blood and secretion of bile. They also act as detergent, sedative and tonic. Red clover has the ability to loosen phlegm and calm bronchial spasms. The fluid extract of red clover is used as an antispasmodic and alterative. it is said to alter the lymphatic system and helps the liver remove waste. Since it has an affinity to salivary glands and glands in general, it has been used to reduce swelling in glands and has been used to address salivary stones.

Because the estrogen-like chemicals it contains may have caused abnormal fetal development in animal studies, taking red clover is not recommended for pregnant women. Women with hormone-dependent conditions such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and cancers of the breast, ovaries, or uterus should not take red clover due to its possible estrogenic effects.

Drying/extracting:Spread the blossoms out onto dehydration trays or wire racks. Leave these trays sit out of direct sunlight. I usually just leave the trays sit in the dehydratorwithout turning it on. When the flowers are completely dry and crispy, cut the flowers from the stems. Storage:place them in an airtight container and label the jar.

Red Raspberry Leaves-(Rubus idaeus)-Reproductive-Nervous-Digestive-Integumentary

Seeding/planting:

Harvesting:use only fresh green leaves, (do not use brown leaves),

Properties/uses: It is naturally high in magnesium, potassium, iron and b-vitamins which make it helpful for nausea, leg cramps, and improving sleep during pregnancy. The specific combination of nutrients in Raspberry Leaf makes it extremely beneficial for the female reproductive system. It strengthens the uterus and pelvic muscles which some midwives say leads to shorter and easier labors.

The tannins in raspberry leaf give it astringent properties which make it soothing both internally and externally. A strong raspberry leaf tea or tincture will sooth sunburn, eczema, and rashes when used externally. Swishing with a tincture or infusion of Raspberry Leaf is great for the gums and can help alleviate the symptoms of gingivitis or gum disease. The high concentration of Vitamin C in Raspberry Leaf makes it great during illness and I also use it as a base for homemade energy drinks. Many women claim that it helped ease the symptoms of PMS, endometriosis, and it is helpful for couples who are trying to conceive. Raspberry leaf tea has been used for centuries as a folk medicine to treat canker sores, cold sores, and gingivitis in persons of all ages and anemia, leg cramps, diarrhea, and morning sickness in pregnant women, and as a uterine relaxant. Drying/extracting: dry on racks or spread out on paper towel. Storage:place them in an airtight container and label the jar.

Rosemary- (Rosmarinus officinalis)-Nervous-Digestive- Cardiovascualr-Integumentary-Immune/Lymphatic

Seeding/planting:Rosemary is an evergreen perennial, hardy in zones 8 through 10. It likes full sun and well-drained sandy soil, which means it’s not too picky and even likes its soil on the lean side. If you keep the soil slightly moist, but not too wet (it doesn’t like wet roots), you will have guaranteed success.

Harvesting:this daily (or weekly) pruning will give you full and healthy plants. If you are growing Rosemary for drying purposes you could wait until the plant has just begun to bloom. This is when the plant has its maximum oil content and flavor. Cut off the top 2 to 3 inches of each sprig, leaving green leaves and being careful not to cut the plant too close.

Properties/uses:anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, anti-fungal and anti-septic properties. Traditionally used to treat gout and to improve memory. It can ease digestive upset, and helps stimulate circulation. These help reduce puffiness around the eyes, while calming inflammation in general on the skin. Those with psoriasis and rosacea may find their skin responding well to formulas with rosemary and you have an overall stimulating effect that encourages skin cell turnover and renewal. This can help combat dullness as well as camouflage broken capillaries and dark spots. Phytonutrients in rosemary are tough on sun crime. The nutrients of rosemary can help protect skin cells from damage often caused by the sun and free radicals. Oil reduces the redness and pain when applied topically. Analgesic-Oil reduces pain. Anti-epileptic – Rosemary essential oil calms epilepsy attacks and seizures. Cholagogue – Oil helps to relax liver, and it stimulates the discharge of bile acids. Choleretic – It aids in the digestion of fats and better cleansing of the guts. Carminative – Oil helps in expelling excess intestinal and stomach gas. Anti-colitis – It alleviates painful bowel movements. Anti-rheumatic – It works wonderfully on arthritis pains. Anti-edema – Oil reduces swelling caused as a reaction to injury. Anti-depressant – Rosemary Oil can relieve depression. Digestive – Oil improves digestion of the stomach. The essential oil can improve the quality of gastric acid secretions. Anti-spasmodic –It calms the sprains and muscular spasms. Astringent –It has an ability to make the skin firm. Sudorific – Oil induces more sweat production, thus keeping the body healthy. Nervine -Rosemary Oil supports and stimulates the nervous system. Diuretic – It aids to get rid of excess water in the system. Anti-bacterial– It helps to get rid of airborne bacteria through aromatherapy blends. , improve mood, protect the immune system, stimulate circulation, detoxify the body, protect the body from bacterial infections, prevent premature aging, and heal skin conditions. Furthermore, the reduction in inflammation in the cardiovascular system can help to boost heart health and prevent atherosclerosis from appearing. Skin Health: while also healing blemishes and increasing the natural shine and hydrated appearance of your body’s largest organ. . Rosemary helps relieve an itchy scalp and dandruff. It is also thought to promote hair growth. Drying/extracting: dry overnight to use for infusing in oils. Dry until crisp for culinary use

Storage: place in a container with a tight-fitting lid

Rose Hips(Rosa canina)-Digestive-Integumentary-Urinary-Cardiovascular

Seeding/planting: The wild dog rose is the type of rose most often cultivated for their hips. This plant grows up to ten feet tall and bears a white, very fragrant flower.

Harvesting:Once the flower has bloomed, and all the petals have fallen off, the hip is picked and used in a wide variety of preparations.

Properties/uses:Rose hips are the best source of vitamin C; they contain 50% more vitamin Cthan oranges. A single tablespoon of the pulp gives an adult more than the recommended daily allowance of 60 mg. The fruit acids and pectin in rose hip tea is a mild diuretic and laxative. It is used to improve, and relieve the symptoms of kidney disorders, or to help in the case of mild constipation. It has the ability to help regenerate new skin cells. This can be used to treat scars, acne and burns. While it is an astringent, it does not dry out the skin; actually it helps to re-hydrate it, keeping the moisture in. Because they contain a variety of antioxidants; carotenoids, flavonoids, polyphenols, leucoanthocyanins and catechins, rose hips are considered to be a good cancer preventative. These same antioxidants are also used to prevent against cardiovascular disease.

Drying/extracting:They can be eaten raw, after being put through a blender, or soaked in water overnight and then cooked in the water for about half an hour. Storage:You can store rose hips in the freezer, made into jelly, or dried. When storing them be sure to not use a metal container, the fruit acids and the metal do not mix well.

Rose Petal-(Rosa Centifolia)-Integmentary-Respiratory-Immune-Digestive-Reproductive

Seeding/planting:

Harvesting:Harvest freshly opened flowers on a dry and sunny morning, after the dew has evaporated from the petals, but before the hot midday sun. Shake out flowers that are dirty or wash and use them right away while they are still.

Properties/uses:Rose essential oil has antibacterial, anti-fungal and antiviral properties, making it ideal to topically treat a host of ailments including abrasions, burns and skin conditions. It has also been used to ease sore throats, fever and cough. You can use rose water to treat acne, add to a tea to calm sore throats. rose oils can actually help reduce swollen spots or redness on your skin. Its calming properties can also help sooth rosecea and eczema. The rose petals contain compounds that improve metabolism in addition to clearing toxins from the body, thereby aiding in weight loss. Pluck some petals, wash them well and eat every day. This will not only help you feel energized and revitalized but will also help you feel more sexually active. Rosewater helps treat skin irritation on sensitive skin, balances out oily skin, softens and tones the skin. Along with being a good choice as an astringent, it serves as a great deep cleanser and toner and thus, make you look younger, naturally. As rose petals contain antioxidants and antibacterial compounds, they soothe the skin, providing relief from excessive irritation and itching.

Drying/extracting: . Simply pluck the petals from the stems and spread them out onto a flat surface out of the sun Add around 10-15 fresh rose petals to a glass of boiling water and wait till the water turns pink in color. You can also add some honey and a pinch of cinnamon powder to this solution. Drink this tea regularly (preferably in the morning) to shed those extra flab! Storage: keep in a sealed glass container

Sage(Salvia officinalis)-Integumentary-Nervous-Digestive-

Seeding/planting:Sage can grow from seeds, but the best way to grow high-quality sage is from cuttings from an established plant. You can start the seeds/cuttings indoors 6 to 10 weeks before the last spring frost. Plant the seeds/cuttings in well-drained soil 1 to 2 weeks before the last spring frost. Plant the seeds/cuttings 24 to 30 inches apart. For best growth, the soil should be between 60º and 70ºF. Plants should grow to be between 12 and 30 inches in height. In the garden, plant near rosemary, cabbage, and carrots, but keep sage away from cucumbers. Be sure to water the young plants regularly until they are fully grown so that they don’t dry out. Prune the heavier, woody stems every spring. It’s best to replace the plants every 4 to 5 years to ensure the best quality.

Properties/uses: Anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-hydrotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-septic, anti-spasmodic, anti-viral, aromatic, astringent, carminative, emmenagogue, estrogenic, relaxant, spasmolytic, vermifuge. The tannic acid present in sage is known for its astringent properties which restrict the sweat glands from producing excessive sweat and reduces the perspiration. The anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties control the bacterial growth causing to sweat. It is highly serviceable as a stimulant tonicin debility of the stomach and nervous system and weakness of digestion generally. Rosmarinic acid contributes to the herb’s anti-inflammatory activity. Sage has been used effectively for throat infections, dental abscesses, infected gums and mouth ulcers. The phenolic acids in sage are particularly potent against Staphylococcus aureus. In vitro, sage oil has been shown to be effective against both Escherichia coli and Salmonella species, and against filamentous fungi and yeasts such as Candida albicans. It may be taken as a carminative to reduce griping and other symptoms of indigestion, and is also of value in the treatment of dysmenorrhoea. Its bitter component stimulates upper digestive secretions, intestinal mobility, bile flow, and pancreatic function, while the volatile oil has a carminative and stimulating effect on the digestion. It is well documented that sage leaf helps to reduce menopausal sweats Sage should not be used by pregnant or nursing women or by people who have epileptic fits. Harvesting:Sage’s flavor is best when fresh, but it can be stored frozen or dried. Drying/extracting:To dry, leave the branches in the sun; once dried, remove the leaves. Storage:store them in an airtight container.

St John’s Wort:(Hypericum perforatum)-Nervous-Integumentary-Reproductive

Seeding/planting:ANNUAL/PERRENIAL PLANT: Perennial PARTS USED:Herb tops, flowers. SOIL REQUIREMENTS:Does best in light, warm, sandy soil. SUN REQUIREMENTS: Partial sun is best for flower blooms, although they can grow in partial shade. HEIGHT: 1 to 3 feet SPACING:1 feet apart, as the roots have a wide spread. GROWING ZONES: Grows throughout most of Europe, Asia and North America, and Zones 3 through 8. PLANTING TIME: Early spring after danger of frost has passed. Best to first plant indoors in a warm, sunny environment and re-plant in late spring. Transplant when seedlings are around two inches tall.

Harvesting:Harvest when flowers are in full bloom. Both the leaves and flowers can be harvested. Cut off the upper 1/3 portion of the plant in July for harvest

Properties/uses: Anxiety, Menopause-related symptoms, Premenstrual syndrome(PMS), Seasonal affective disorder, Smoking cessation. An oil made from St. John’s wort has also been used topically for wound healing and for a variety of other skin conditions such as eczema and hemorrhoids. St. John’s wort (both oral or topical) can increase the sensitivity of your skin and eyes to sunlight St. John’s wort should not be taken within two weeks before a scheduled surgery.

Drying/extracting:Dry flowers and leaves in bundles, upside down, in a cool, dry place indoors.

Storage:Dried flowers may be stored in an airtight glass container for up to one year.

Strawberry Leaves-(Fragaria × ananassa)-Digestive-Reproductive-Immune

Seeding/planting:Strawberries require 6-10 hours a day of direct sunlight, so choose your planting site accordingly. Provide adequate space for sprawling. Set plants out 20 inches apart, and leave 4 feet between rows. Planting site must be well-drained. Raised beds are a particularly good option for strawberries. Water adequately, about one inch per week. They need a lot of water when the runners and flowers are developing and again in the fall when the plants are mature. When the growing season is over, mow or cut foliage down to one inch and mulch plants about 4 inches deep with straw, pine needles or other organic material. This can be done after the first couple of frosts, or when air temps reach 20 F. Remove mulch in early spring, after danger of frost has passed. Harvesting: use only green leaves

Properties/uses: Strawberry leaf tea is most commonly used to improve digestion and balance the acids and bases throughout your digestive tract to relieve symptoms of gastrointestinal distress. Strawberry leaves contain tannins, bio-molecules that bind to proteins, amino acids, alkaloids and other compounds with a low pH that may place excess stress on your digestive system. Strawberry leaves may help alleviate an upset stomach, and reduce symptoms of nausea, bloating, stomach cramps and diarrhea. Strawberry leaves contain trace minerals and vitamins, such as iron, calcium and vitamin C. They also qualified as a very good source of dietary fiber and iodine as well as a good source of potassium, folate, riboflavin, vitamin B5, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin B6, vitamin K, magnesium, and copper. The leaf is also recognized as a blood purifier and is indicated for treating night sweats, to stimulate digestion, in anemia, as a tonic, to reduce profuse menstruation and, finally, to support natural loss of weight. Drying/extracting: cut off green leaves and lay flat to dry. Storage: store in a sealed glass jar

Tea tree oil-(melaleuca)-Integumentary-

Properties/uses: Tea Tree is an essential oil that is extracted from a plant native to Australia, Antiseptic,Anti-fungal, Antibiotic, Antibacterial, Soothes inflammation, Fights infection, Cuts and Abrasions, cold sores. Repels pests (bugs and rodents), laundry detergent, kills bad breath, ticks , acne, bruises, blisters, eczema, scalp treatment, cleanser, ear aches . Tea tree oil contains natural anti-fungal and astringent properties that help to give you relief from sweating by killing the bacteria that causes it.

Turmeric(Curcuma longa)-Integumentary-Digestive-Nervous-Immune-Respiratory-Cardiovascular

Seeding/planting: Perennial that re-shoots every spring. PARTS USED: Root SOIL REQUIREMENTS: Well drained, fertile soil SUN REQUIREMENTS Turmeric prefers warm direct or indirect sun. GROWING ZONES: Turmeric is a tropical plant that does well when given abundant heat and moisture. This root will grow well in any region that has a temperate summer, and will die in the winter. USDA Zones 7b-10b

PLANTING TIME: Unless you live in the tropics, where it can be planted anytime, plant in late spring. Fresh roots can be planted directly into soil.

POLLINATION: The dried rhizome of turmeric can be used in subsequent plantings.

Harvesting: Turmeric shoots appear in about two months from planting. The rhizomes can usually be harvested from seven to ten months after planting, when leaves and stems become dry. When the plant has changed from abundant green to dry, dig up the entire plant, ensuring that you dig up the entire root (as this is the part that is used medicinally). Water the area thoroughly to soften the ground, then dig up the rhizomes using a trowel Plan to harvest your turmeric root at the end of the summer growing season. wait until you see the flowers fade and the leaves begin to yellow before you harvest the rhizomes.

Properties/uses: Western science confirms that turmeric is a first rate anti-inflammatory herb. It contains at least two chemicals, curcumin and curcuminoids, that act to decrease inflammation much like NSAID COX-2 that inhibit the production of prostaglandins which are linked to arthritic inflammation. This anti-inflammatory effect may be why consumption of turmeric is also connected to a reduced occurrence of cancers, cataracts, and Alzheimer. Turmeric has been shown to be an effective pain reliever in cases of rheumatoid arthritis. Modern studies confirm ancient wisdom that those with psoriasis can especially benefit from daily supplementation with turmeric. Studies show that the curcumin in turmeric acts to disrupt the cycle of skin plaque formation, working in a similar manner to the new biologic TNF inhibitors. Treat liver ailments, ulcers, parasitic infections, skin problems, bruises, joint pain and inflammation, sprains, strains, cold and flu symptoms, as well as a general digestive aid. Scientific research shows that turmeric aids in breaking down liver toxins, strengthens the functioning of the gallbladder, aids in lipid (fat) metabolizing, and stops blood clotting. In general, it is a good anti-inflammatory agent. What is more, recent studies show that turmeric may help prevent colon, breast, lung and other forms of cancers.

Drying/extracting: Drying turmeric is a fairly complicated process. First you must boil the roots, then leave in the sun to dry, or use a dehydrator. The plant may also be used fresh and raw in a grated form.

Storage:Store fresh roots in the refrigerator, Freezing it Wash and peel the rhizomes, then put them in freezer bags. it usually lasts about one to two weeks in the refrigerator. Dried, the root can be made into a powder and stored in an airtight container.

Watermelon Fruit Powder Extract: (Citrullus lanatus)-Integumentary-Cardiovascular

Properties/uses:cardiovascular diseases, clearing lung and eliminating phlegm. Watermelon seeds are a good source of several vitamins and minerals. Per 1 cup, watermelon seeds contain a significant amount of the following vitamins: Thiamin (14 percent of recommended daily value), riboflavin (9 percent), niacin (19 percent) and folate (16 percent). Regarding minerals, watermelon seeds provide calcium (6 percent), iron (44 percent), magnesium (139 percent), phosphorus (82 percent), potassium (20 percent), zinc (74 percent), copper (37 percent) and manganese (87 percent). The Watermelon Extract is rich in Vitamin C and naturally occurring carbohydrates and amino acids. This extract helps to helps to protect the skin from every day environmental elements and promotes rejuvenated look of the skin. It is the perfect addition to skin care products. Watermelon Extract has good solubility in water and alcohol. Watermelon is also great for your skin because it contains vitamin A, a nutrient required for sebum production that keeps hair moisturized. Vitamin A is also necessary for the growth of all bodily tissues, including skin and hair.

Storage: store is a sealed glass jar

White sandalwood powder(Santalum Album)-Integumentary-

Properties/uses:White sandalwood powder is used in Ayurveda to treat or control the sweating. It contains several enzymes that help to absorb the extra moisture from the skin and thus keep the skin dry and fresh. The aromatic fragrance helps to mask the body odor caused by excessive sweating. This ultra-fine powder comes from ethically harvested trees in Australia, and is often used in skin and body care preparations as an exfoliant or added to a clay mask. It helps alleviate flakiness, clear blocked pores, and is said to have antibacterial properties, making it very beneficial for acne skin or any type of breakout.

Storage: keep in a sealed glass jar

Yarrow- (Achillea millefolium)-Integumentary-Nervous-Urinary-Reprodcutive-

Seeding/planting:Yarrow is a perennial (zones 3 to 9) that can reach a height of around 60 inches. It flowers in mid-summer and will keep flowering until well into fall. It’s a good candidate for any sunny but neglected spot in your garden that’s plagued with poor soil and dryer conditions than your pampered flowerbeds. Yarrow spreads quickly too, making it a good fill-in plant where you would usually see weeds sprouting by the end of June. To give yarrow a good start, loosen the soil to a depth of around 10 inches, and plant seedlings 24 inches apart or so. Although it tolerates neglect, yarrow does prefer soil that drains well, so include sand and other soil amendments if necessary. Fertilize plants in spring, and add a layer of mulch to new plantings if you experience long dry periods during the summer months

Harvesting:Gather the leaves and flowers by cutting the entire stem half way down. Harvest after the flowers are open and when they are still vibrant looking.

Properties/uses:Ability to stop bleeding and promote healing of wounds. In fact, yarrow is often used in herbal remedies designed to treat heavy bleeding from menstrual periods, bleeding ulcers and more. Yarrow is often classified as a uterine tonic. Several studies have shown that yarrow can improve uterine tone, which may increase menstrual blood flow when it is irregular or scanty, and reduce uterine spasms, which reduces heavy flow in cases of abnormally heavy menstrual flow. the herb contains salicylic acid (a compound like the active ingredient in aspirin) and a volatile oil with anti-inflammatory properties, making it useful to relieve pain associated with gynecologic conditions, digestive disorders, and other conditions. Taken daily, yarrow preparations can relieve symptoms of menstrual cycle and uterine disorders, such as cramps and endometriosis. Chew the fresh root for temporary relief of dental pain. Yarrow helps relieve pain, disinfects wounds, promotes tissue repair, and reduces inflammation. Fresh yarrow leaves are best for wound healing, but you can put dried, powdered leaves right on the cut or make a compress, soaking a cloth in yarrow tea and laying it on the wound.

Drying/extracting:Tie them by their stems in small bunches and hang them out of direct sunlight. Yarrow is easy to dry in batches from late spring to early fall. Here’s how: Remove the bottom from a brown paper bag and place flower stems (loosely) inside. Put the bag outdoors during two or three warm afternoons

Storage: When fully dry, garble them, and store in a mason jar. Store in a cool, dry, dark place.

Definitions

Adaptogen:

a herb to help the body adapt to stressors and resist their damaging effects

Alterative:

a herb known as a blood purifier, used to favorably alter the body’s condition

Analgesic:

A remedy that relieves pain

Antibiotic:

a herb used to kill or stop the growth of microorganisms

Antispasmodic:

a herb that relieves muscle spasms or reduces muscle tone

Astringent:

A substance that checks the flow of bodily secretions by causing tissue contraction.

Balm:

an aromatic ointment used for healing, protecting and soothing the skin

Carminative:

Inducing the expulsion of excess gas from the stomach and intestines.

Constituent:

a phytochemical compound found in herbs that have a medicinal effect on the body

Decoction:

a water-based herb preparation simmered in boiling water

Demulcent:

A soothing, usually mucilaginous or oily substance, such as glycerin or lanolin, used especially to relieve pain in inflamed or irritated

mucous membranes.

A drug or agent that soothes the irritation of inflamed or injured skin surfaces

Diaphoretic:

a herb to induce sweating

Diuretic:

a herb that promotes the flow of urine

Emollient:

Softening and soothing, especially to the skin.

Expectorant:

a herb that stimulates coughing or assists in clearing mucus from the lungs or throat

Hemostatic:

Acting to arrest bleeding or hemorrhage.

Menstruum:

a solvent used to extract certain compounds from herbs

Nervine:

a herb to relax and nourish the nervous system

Oxymel:

a medicinal mixture of honey, vinegar, and herbs

Phytochemical:

a chemical compound, such as carotenoid, occurring naturally in plants

Phototoxic:

a compound that becomes toxic when exposed to light

Refrigerant:

a herb used to allay heat or fever

Relaxant:

tending to relax or relieve muscular or nervous tension

Rosmarinic acid

Rosmarinic acid is a natural phenol antioxidant carboxylic acid found in many Lamiaceae herbs used commonly as culinary herbs such as lemon balm, rosemary, oregano, sage, thyme and peppermint. Chemically, rosmarinic acid is an ester of caffeic acid with 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl lactic acid. It is a red-orange powder that is slightly soluble in water, but well soluble in most organic solvents.

It displays general anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, and may protect against various forms of cancers. Additionally, it can be absorbed through the skin when in an ethanol base (typically perillyl alcohol).

Rosmarinic acid appears to be effective in suppressing the response to pollen allergies in persons with seasonal rhinitus

Nasal congestion is reduced secondary to reducing pollen allergies

Topical application of rosmarinic acid may aid symptoms of atopic dermatitis

Rosmarinic acid contributes to endothelial (blood vessel) and blood cell health. The former is typically indirect via systemic anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation (as discussed previously). In regards to the latter, rosmarinic acid can ease hemolysis, the breaking of red blood cells, via C3-convertase inhibition.

Salve:

a creamy substance for medicinal application to wounds or sores

Stimulant:

a drug or similar substance that increases physiological activity, especially a part of a particular organ

A drug or other substance, such as caffeine, that speeds up or excites a body system, especially the nervous system.

Succus:

the expressed juice of a plant for medical use

Sudorific:

Causing or increasing sweat

Tincture:

a herbal medicine prepared by macerating plant matter in water or alcohol

Tisane:

an infusion of dried herbs for medicinal purposes, also called herbal tea

Tonic:

a herb that exerts a restorative or nourishing action on the systems of the body

 **There are no essentials oils in my body oils

This information is educational purposes.  It is not to be used to diagnose or cure any ailments.  It is always best to talk with your doctor before trying any herbal remedies as some plants and herbs may interfere with medications.

References

http://www.anniesremedy.com/

http://www.sproutinghealthyhabits.com/carrier-oils/

http://www.globalhealingcenter.com/learning

http://learningherbs.com/

http://abc.herbalgram.org/site/PageServer

http://www.herbs2000.com/

http://www.ediblewildfood.com/

http://northernbushcraft.com/guide.php?ctgy=edible_plants&region=bc

http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_FGH.htm

Books

The Herbal Apothecary-JJ Pursell

Edible & Medicinal Plants of Canada-MacKinnon-Kershaw-Arnason-Owen-Karst-Hamersley Chambers